MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET 1. IDENTIFICATION Revision Date : March 2005 Product Name : OXIDIZING SOLID, N.O.S. (LITHIUM HYPOCHLORITE, MIXTURE) Other Names : HYPOCHLOROUS ACID, LITHIUM SALT Uses : Bleach, sanitising agent. Organisation Location Telephone 2. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC/ASCC Dangerous According to the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods Classified as Dangerous Goods According to NZS 5433:1999 Risk Phrases
Contact with combustible material may cause fire. Safety Phrases
Keep away from combustible material. In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek
S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show
ERMA New Zealand Approval Code : No Data HSNO Hazard Classification : No Data
This Material Safety Data Sheet may not provide exhaustive guidance for all HSNO Controls assigned to this substance. The ERMA website should be consulted for a full list of triggered controls and cited regulations
3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS Chemical Entity Proportions (%)
ACTIVE CHLORINE FRACTION OF PRIMARY MATERIAL
ALKALINE COMPONENTS FRACTION OF TOTAL MASS
4. FIRST AID MEASURES Description of necessary measures according to routes of exposure Swallowed
Rinse mouth with water. Dilute by giving 1 or 2 glasses of water. Do not induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. See a medical doctor immediately.
Immediately flush with water for at least 15 minutes, lifting the upper and lower eyelids intermittently. See a medical doctor or ophthalmologist immediately.
Immediately flush with plenty of water while removing contaminated clothing and/or shoes, and thoroughly wash with soap and water. Obtain immediate medical attention. Contact a medical doctor if necessary.
Remove to fresh air. If breathing difficulty or discomfort occurs and persists, see a medical doctor. If breathing has stopped, give artificial respiration and see a medical doctor immediately.
Advice to Doctor
Lithium hypochlorite is corrosive to eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Consideration should be given to careful endoscopy as stomach or esophageal burns, perforations or stricturs may occur. Careful gastric lavage with an endotracheal tube in place should be considered. Observation may be warranted. Treatment is controlled removal of exposure with symptomatic and supportive care.
Additional Information Aggravated medical conditions caused by exposure
Continuous inhalation exposure may cause lung damage.
5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES Extinguishing Media
Fire fighters should wear full protective equipment including self-contained breathing apparatus. Contact with combustible material may cause fire. Breathing apparatus is necessary to protect against the hazards of heat, products of combustion and oxygen deficiency. Do not breathe smoke, gases or vapors generated. Use water only. Do not use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or Halon. Contact with eaqsily oxidizable or combustible materials can cause fire or explosion upon ignition from any source.
Hazards from Combustion Products
Avoid conditions such as contact with combustible materials (wood, paper, oil) Contamination with moisture. Stable at room temperature. Does not polymerize. Decomposition products include oxygen, lithium hydroxide, lithium chlorates. Incompatible with acids, oxidizible materials, combustible materials.
Special protective precautions and equipment for fire fighters Flammability Conditions Additional Information 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES Emergency procedures
Clean up personnel should wear full protective equipment. Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil etc.) away from spilled material.
Methods and materials for containment and clean up
With clean shovel, place into clean dry container, and cover loosley.
7. HANDLING AND STORAGE Precautions for safe handling
Ensure an eye bath and safety shower are available and ready for use.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibles
Store away from readily oxidizable materials, strong acids and flammable materials. Protect from moisture. Keep container closed. Keep container closed. Do not get into eyes, on skin or cothing. Avoid breathing dust. Wash thoroughly after handling.
Container Type No Data Available 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION National Exposure Standards
None established by the Worksafe Australia.
Biological Limit Values Engineering Controls
Use local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below exposure limits.
Respiratory protection: NIOSH/MSHA respirator approved for protection against inorganic and hypochloric dusts. Eyes protection: Safety glasses or goggles. Skin protection: Rubber gloves. Hygiene practice: Quick-drench eyewash and safety shower.
9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Appearance Vapour Pressure Vapour Density Boiling Point Melting Point Solubility in water Specific Gravity Flash Point Flammability Limits (as percentage volume in air) Lower Explosion Limit Upper Explosion Limit Ignition Temperature Specific Heat Value Particle Size Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) content Evaporation Rate Viscosity Percent Volatile Octanol/Water partition coefficient Saturated Vapour Concentration Additional Characteristics Flame Propagation/Burning Rate of Solid Materials Properties of materials that may initiate or contribute to No Data fire intensity Potential for Dust Explosion Reactions that Release Flammable Gases Fast or Intensely Burning Characteristics Non-flammables that could contribute unusual hazards No Data to a fire Release of invisible flammable vapours and gases Decomposition Temperature Additional Information Solubility in water: 43% by wt. 25 deg C Molecular Weight: 58.39 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY Chemical Stability : No Data Conditions to avoid : No Data Incompatible Materials : No Data Hazardous Decomposition Products : No Data Hazardous Reactions : No Data 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION Toxicity Data
Eye contact: Hypochlorite formulation: Severely irritating (rabbit) Skin contact: Lithium Hypochlorite formulation: Corrosive, packing group II Skin absorption: Dermal LD50: Lithium Hypochlorite formulation : 8100 mg/kg (rabbit) Ingestion: Oral LD50: Lithium Hypochlorite formulation : 1500+=270 mg/kg (rat) 1290 mg/kg (rabbit) Inhalation: Inhalation LC50: Lithium Hypochlorite formulation: 1800 mg/1 (rat, rabbit) Acute Effects from overexposure: This product is severely irritating/corrosive to the eyes (may cause blindness), skin, respiratory tract, and mucous membranes. Sensitization: Lithium Hypochlorite formulation: Non-sensitizing. Carcinogenicity: Not listed, EH40, IARC, NTP, OSHA, ACGIH.
Health Effects - Acute Swallowed
Corrosive to eyes (may cause blindness).
Corrosive to respiratory tract and mucous membranes.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION Ecotoxicity : No Data Persistence and degradability : No Data Mobility : No Data Additional information Environmental fate (exposure) : No Data Bioaccumulative potential : No Data 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Disposal
Dispose of in accordance with all local state and federal regulations.
Special Precautions for land fill or incineration 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION Shipping Name
OXIDIZING SOLID, N.O.S. (LITHIUM HYPOCHLORITE,
Dangerous Goods Class MIXTURE) Subsidiary Risk Pack Group Precaustion for User Hazchem Code 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION Poisons Schedule AICS Name NZ Toxic Substance Additional information 16. OTHER INFORMATION Additional information Legend to abbreviations and acronyms:
Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances
Chemical Abstracts Service (Registry Number)
Immediately Dangerous to Life and HealthLC stands for lethal concentration. LC50 is the concentration of a material in air
which causes the death of 50% (one half) of a group of test animals. The material is inhaled over a set period of time, usually 1 or 4 hours. LD stands for "Lethal Dose". LD50 is the amount of a material, given all at once,
which causes the death of 50% (one half) of a group of test animals
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
immiscible liquids are insoluble in each otherkg
milligrams per cubic metreliquids form one homogeneous liquid phase regardless of the amount of either
Literature references: Sources for data: This MSDS summarises Price Chemicals Pty Ltd best knowledge of the health and safety hazard information of the selected substance and how to safely handle the selected substance in the workplace however Price Chemcials Pty Ltd expressly disclaims that the MSDS is a representation or guarantee of the chemical specifications for the substance. Each user should read the MSDS and consider the information in the context of how the selected substance will be handled and used in the workplace including its use in conjunction with other substances.
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