Edition 1.1 – will
2010 Reprint
Added text: (top paragraph) “located in the face include”
Replaced word: “finish” with “finished” in fourth paragraph
Replace words: “two-dimensional” with “three-dimensional” in Set the
Captioned word: incorrect spelling of “disulfide” and “towel-blotted” is

Hyphenate “towel-blotted”
Hyphenate “towel-blotted”
Hyphenate “hair-care”
Remove hyphens in “long hair” and “home haircoloring” Step S. – hyphenate “towel-blot”
Step R. – hyphenate “towel-blot”
Hyphenate “two-prong” and “three-prong”
Under objective: replaced “rejuvenation” with “rejuvenating
The last sentence of last paragraph should read as follows: The razor
market began appealing to women through advertising―showcasing
the tool in
a lightweight, colorful case.
Top paragraph: replace “additives” with “added”
1. Unisex is a fashion or an establishment suitable for both female or male. Pg. 19 & 27 2. Permanent Wave Machine was created by Karl Nessler in 1906 to produce permanent curls in the hair. Pg. 31 3. Hair has played a major role in our lives, whether used for protection or as a fashion statement. Pg. 20 4. Barber performs most of the same services as the cosmetologist with the exception of nail-care treatments. Pg. 36 5. Victorian Age was in the 1800s when women wore long loose curls situated beside a coiled chignon enclosed in a hairnet. Pg. 21 6. Shag is a hairstyle of the 1970s consisting of multiple layers creating a “feathered” appearance. Pg. 19 & 27 7. Beehive a popular bouffant style worn in the 1950s that had a cone shape appearance. Pg. 26 8. Bob a new radical haircut of the 1920s and later reinvented by Vidal Sassoon. Pg. 18, 24 & 33 9. Sales Representative markets cosmetic products, materials, equipment or furniture within the cosmetology industry. Pg. 39 10. Afro is a natural curly style worn by African-Americans in the 1960s. Pg. 26 11. Electric Clipper developed by Leo J. Wahl and manufactured in the Wahl Clipper Corporation. Pg. 31 12. Crowning Glory was what women’s hair was considered during the late 1800s. Pg. 21 13. Finger Waves a series of soft waves consisting of ovaloid shapes that was popular during the 1930s. Pg. 19 14. Gibson Girl is a style that was loosely waved and combed over an existing hairpiece and situated on top of head. Pg. 22 15. Marital Status was depicted by wearing veils, ornamental jewels or elaborate wigs. Pg. 20 16. Edwardian Era was a period of time referred to as the “Beautiful Age” in the 1900s to 1910s. Pg. 22 17. Pompadour was worn in the 1890s when women wore their hair high on top of the head and swept back from forehead. Pg. 21 18. Flat Top is a short haircut worn in the 1980s by men and is usually called the “clipper cut.” Pg. 27 19. Marcel Waves were created by Marcel Grateau using heated tongs that produce loose waves in straight hair. Pg. 21 20. Educator is licensed to teach students in all phases of the cosmetology industry. Pg. 37 Professional Skills REVIEW QUESTIONS FILL-IN THE BLANK
A. Active Listening (8)
1. Paraphrasing is rephrasing what the speaker told you. Pg. 52 2. Refining is the mechanical removal of the grain’s germ and bran. Pg. 62 3. People Skills are the socially interactive behavior between the professional and clients. Pg. 45 4. Saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated are the three types of fats. Pg. 65 5. Calcium is a mineral that builds strong bones and teeth. Pg. 67 6. Mirroring occurs when you imitate an individual’s nonverbal communication. Pg. 43 7. Ethics are a person’s morals by which they live and work. Pg. 45 8. Active Listening occurs when the listener focuses on what the speaker is communicating. Pg. 49 9. Ergonomics is the scientific design or method of safety, productivity and comfort in the workplace. Pg. 42 & 54 10. Calories are units of energy that are burned off by your body during physical activity. Pg. 69 11. Slang is informal words that are typically inappropriate for professionals to use in communication. Pg. 50 12. Professional Image is the manner in which you present yourself both physically and emotionally within the workplace. Pg. 46 13. Dowager’s Hump is associated with osteoporosis and is caused by degeneration of the upper spine. Pg. 59 14. Personal Hygiene is the daily practice of cleanliness of your body, clothing, hair, nails and mouth. Pg. 43 & 47 15. Conduct is your personal behavior and represents your attitude towards others. Pg. 48 16. Nutrition is the study and process of the foods consumed and used by an individual. Pg. 60 17. Conflict is a difference of opinion on an idea, people or principles, which may turn into an argument. Pg. 42 & 51 18. Milk group is comprised of yogurt, cheese and milk. Pg. 64 19. Tofu is a soft, soy bean curd, providing protein in the body. Pg. 66 20. Toe Box is the front part of a shoe that has enough space to allow toes to wiggle. Pg. 57 Salon Safety REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. The five signs of an infection are heat, ache, redness, pus and (pg. 82)
2. In what type of environment do bacteria grow and reproduce? (pg. 78)
3. To dispense products from large containers, use a: (pg. 86)
4. The first step in a blood spill procedure is to: (pg. 91)
b. clean injured area c. stop performing service 5. Which air elimination system expels air outside the salon and brings fresh air back into salon?
(pg. 95)
6. Which chemical can safely be used on the skin? (pg. 85)
7. Which type of bacteria produces strep throat? (pg. 79)
8. What is the strong outer casing called that covers some bacteria? (pg. 78)
9. When the body fights off the bacteria or viruses that enter the body it is referred to as: (pg. 83)
10. What happens to the bacterial cell in the reproduction phase? (pg. 78)
11. Which type of bacteria has a spiral shape? (pg. 79)
12. The disease pediculosis comes from the animal parasite called: (pg. 80)
13. How can bacteria enter the body? (pg. 82)
14. What is the thick yellowish liquid at the site of an infection? (pg. 82)
15. Which virus attacks the liver? (pg. 81)
16. Pathogenic bacteria are also referred to as germs or: (pg. 79)
17. Which virus produces fever blisters? (pg. 81)
18. Hygienic living consists of daily bathing, frequent hand washing and the use of: (pg. 83)
19. Which level of controlling infection DOES NOT kill bacteria? (pg. 85)
20. What type of animal is allowed on the salon premises? (pg. 88)

1. Which type of tissue serves as a protective covering for the body’s organs? (pg. 101)
2. Which bone covers entire back of head? (pg. 106)
3. What is the “control center” of the body? (pg. 102)
4. Which type of manipulation consists of kneading, lifting or grasping? (pg. 99 & 139)
5. Which system supports the soft tissues of the body and contains 206 bones? (pg. 103)
6. What bone is the largest and strongest bone of the face? (pg. 107)

7. What type of blood vessels carry purified blood away from the heart? (pg. 120)
8. Which end of the muscle is attached to an immovable section of skeleton? (pg. 112)
9. What eye muscle allows eyelids to open and close? (pg. 114)
10. What part of the nerve cell sends impulses outward to other muscles or glands? (pg. 129)
11. Which facial area contains the risorius muscle? (pg. 114)

12. Which parts of the blood are tiny color-free particles that are responsible for clotting? (pg.

13. Which bone forms the forehead? (pg. 106)
14. Which part of cell contains food substances for cellular growth and repair? (pg. 100)
15. What type of nerve brings and sends messages to the central nervous system? (pg. 129)
16. What part of the hand is best used for massage? (pg. 136)
17. Which artery delivers blood to the upper eyelids and forehead? (pg. 124)
18. Where is the location of the ear muscle auricularis anterior? (pg. 113)
19. Which type of muscle is smooth and responsible for involuntary movements? (pg. 112)
20. Which organ is multi-chambered, muscular and maintains the flow of blood? (99, 102 &

1. A mass of blood and nerves located directly under the hollowed area of the hair bulb. (pg.

2. The portion of hair that extends above the skin or scalp. (pg. 144)

3. The tough outer protective covering of hair. (pg. 144)
4. What is the average growth of hair per month? (pg. 149)
5. A patchy loss of hair occurring on the scalp is called? (pg. 150)

6. What is the term used for yellow to red hair pigments? (pg. 143 & 154)
7. A tuft of hair that is directed straight out of scalp is called? (pg. 156)

8. Which texture has the largest diameter and will feel thicker? (pg. 157)
9. Which type of porosity has cuticle scales lying flat allowing minimal absorption? (pg. 160)
10. What is tinea? (pg. 143 & 165)
11. Which animal parasite burrows under the skin? (pg. 167)
12. What is the technical term for split hair ends? (pg. 163)
13. How far can dry hair be stretched without breaking? (pg. 161)
14. Which layer of hair is responsible for the elasticity in the hair? (pg. 144 & 161)

15. What is the average number of hair on the scalp? (pg. 158)
16. Which hair follicle shape produces naturally curly hair? (pg. 157)
17. What is the technical term for gray hair? (pg. 142 & 155)
18. Which layer of hair contains melanin? (pg. 144 & 154)
19. Which surgical hair loss treatment removes the entire hair loss area? (pg. 153)
B. alopecia reduction C. follicular unit extraction 20. Which hair loss treatment comes in a pill form? (pg. 152)
1. What rate of tempo is caused by a slow rate of motion or speed? (pg. 216)
2. What do blue-based colors invoke? (pg. 193)
3. Which line extends from opposite corners on a slant providing a feeling of dimension? (pg.

4. How is the face divided using the “Golden Ratio” and graceful proportion? (pg. 203)
5. Which lacing technique uses large subsections of hair that are held at less than a 90° angle?
(pg. 225)
6. What three areas are the cranial divisions; the facial, parietal and? (pg. 213)
7. What does facial feature zone one consist of? (pg. 211 & 212)
8. What is created when dimension is added to a design? (pg. 186)
9. Which law of motion states that in every movement there is a second opposite movement?
(pg. 217)

10. Which straight shape has three equal sides and angles? (pg. 183)
11. What is the medium used by the hairdesigner to express his or her art? (pg. 170 & 189)
12. When a design is unbalanced and irregularly arranged, it is considered? (pg. 208)
13. Which profile has a receding chin and high hairline? (pg. 214)
14. What art principle creates excitement and attraction to your work of art? (pg. 210)
15. Which shape has length, width and depth? (pg. 175 & 187)
A. one-dimensional B. two-dimensional C. three-dimensional 16. The four stages of the principles of hairdesign are sketch, scale, set and? (pg. 205)
17. Which hair formation memory is created on a relaxed dry form? (pg. 226)
18. Which face shape is ideally balanced? (pg. 200)
19. How many zones are the facial features divided into? (pg. 210)
20. The two directional movements in hairdesigning are clockwise and? (pg. 220)
Hair & Scalp Treatments REVIEW QUESTIONS
A. Acid (13)
1. Neck Strips wrap around neck to prevent skin-to-cape contact. Pg. 236 2. Hard Water remains unaltered, containing dissolved minerals. Pg. 240 3. pH is the potential amount of hydrogen ions in a solution containing water. Pg. 246 4. Medicated Shampoo usually contains an anti-microbic ingredient to remedy dandruff or other scalp condition. Pg. 248 5. Lipophilic or “tail end” of shampoo molecule attaching 6. Tail Comb makes clean, precise partings. Pg. 256 7. Mannequin is your very first client. Pg. 235 & 260 8. Consultation is the communication between cosmetologist and client on his or her hair-care needs. Pg. 266 9. Scalp Treatment maintains the health and beauty of hair and scalp. Pg. 267 10. Disposable Towels eliminate the need for laundering. Pg. 238 11. Ion Exchange softens water by infiltrating it through a layer of sodium covered resin beads. Pg. 243 12. Anionic is a surfactant that is inexpensive, but has great deep cleansing abilities. Pg. 245 13. Acid has a pH measurement of 6.9 to 0. Pg. 246 14. Leave-in Treatments are generally lightweight conditioners that are left on the hair. Pg. 253 15. Cushion (Boar) Brushes are used to prepare hair for analysis, detangling and shampooing. Pg. 258 16. Capes cover clients’ clothing to protect from damage during hair services. Pg. 236 17. Litmus Paper turns blue if product is alkaline and red if product is acid. Pg. 247 18. Dry Shampoo is used for clients with head injury or illness that requires them to be bedridden. Pg. 249 19. Reconstructors are deep penetrating conditioners left on hair for an average of 10 to 20 minutes. Pg. 252 20. Wet Disinfection System is a jar sanitizer where tools Cosmetology Chemistry REVIEW QUESTIONS
A. Amino Acids (2)
1. Inorganic Chemistry involves substances that do not contain carbon. Pg. 281 2. Amino Acids are protein building blocks or units. Pg. 3. Sodium Hydroxide is the strongest ingredient used in chemical relaxing. Pg. 292 4. Disulfide Bonds are the strongest and can only be
broken by chemical solutions. Pg. 278 & 288
5. Polypeptide is a spiral chain formed by the connection of amino acids. Pg. 279 & 287 6. Mixture consists of two or more types of matter blended together with no chemical altering. Pg. 285 7. Ions are atoms with an excess amount of electrons in their orbiting paths. Pg. 282 8. Emulsion is a mixture of two or more immiscible substances that are dispersed throughout a liquid. Pg. 278 & 286 9. Peptide Bond or end bond connects amino acids together. Pg. 287 10. Neutrons are the neutral particles found in the nucleus of the atom. Pg. 282 11. Hydrogen Bonds are weak, but abundant and easily broken by water or heat. Pg. 288 12. H₂O is a molecule of water consisting of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Pg. 282 13. Thioglycolate Acid is the main ingredient in an alkaline permanent wave. Pg. 290 14. Salt Bonds are influenced by the pH of hair such as in the alkalinity of permanent waving. Pg. 288 15. H₂O₂ is hydrogen peroxide, which is the main ingredient in the neutralizer for permanent waving. Pg. 291 16. Cysteine is an amino acid containing the sulfur atoms affected in the permanent wave procedure. Pg. 288 & 289 17. Glycerol Monothioglycolate is the main ingredient in an acid permanent wave. Pg. 290 18. Ammonium Bisulfite is considered a mild, “no lye” relaxer. Pg. 293 19. Lanthionine Bond replaces the disulfide bonds in the hydroxide relaxer application. Pg. 294 20. Soft Curl Permanent requires hair to be straightened and receive a permanent wave in two separate procedures. Pg. 279 & 295 Permanent Wave REVIEW QUESTIONS FILL-IN THE BLANKS
A. Alkaline Wave (3)
1. Design Wrap consists of manageable sections of hair that follow the direction of client’s hair design. Pg. 316 2. Piggyback Wrap uses two rods with one rod sitting on top of other rod, providing a uniformed curl or wave pattern. Pg. 319 3. Alkaline Wave or cold wave is processed at room
temperature with NO application of heat. Pg. 322
4. Tension or pull of the hair created as it is being combed and wound around a perm rod. Pg. 322 5. Texture refers to diameter or width of a single hair strand. Pg. 325 6. Irregular Porosity creates an uneven absorption of liquid, which can result in an irregular curl or wave pattern. Pg. 326 7. Test Curls are taken to determine if the desired curl is achieved and processing of the permanent wave is complete. Pg. 301 & 329 8. Resistant Hair is when the cuticle scales are lying flat, which hinders liquid absorption. Pg. 322 & 326 9. End Papers are absorbent pieces of thin tissue-type paper that control and protect the hair. Pg. 308 10. Partings consist of lines used in dividing sections or subsections. Pg. 312 11. Permanent Waving is chemically rearranging straight hair into a new curled or wavy form. Pg. 302 12. Arnold F. Willatt invented the cold wave, which needed no heat or machines for processing. Pg. 303 13. Concave Rods produce uneven curl or wave patterns.
Pg. 300 & 304
14. Straight Rods produce uniform curl or wave patterns.
Pg. 304
15. Book End Wrap requires only one paper in which hair ends are combed together and placed within the folded paper. Pg. 309 & 311 16. Fish Hook is the result when hair ends do not wrap around the perm rod smoothly causing hair to bend. Pg. 308 17. Sections consist of geometric shapings arranged on various areas of the head. Pg. 301 & 312 18. Angle is created when the hair is lifted and combed at a certain degree for perm rod application. Pg. 313 19. Base is an area selected at the scalp that is determined by diameter and length of perm rod. Pg. 314 20. Rod Placement is the base area within the subsection of hair where the perm rod rests. Pg. 315 Chemical Relaxation REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. What product is applied on the scalp to protect from strong chemicals? (pg. 342 & 347)
2. What percentage of curl is removed for an average curl relaxation? (pg. 352)
3. Which relaxer is the strongest and processes the quickest? (pg. 343 & 346)
4. Which strength relaxer is best suited for fine textured hair? (pg. 351)
5. Which strand test is performed during the relaxing process? (pg. 342 & 354)
6. The three methods of relaxer application are tint brush, shampoo/tail comb and? (pg. 353)
7. What occurs in the neutralization step of the relaxing process? (pg. 342 & 359)
8. The five areas of analysis performed during the consultation are scalp condition, density,
elasticity, texture and? (pg. 356)
9. What part of the shampoo comb is used to smooth the hair? (pg. 353)
10. The two forms of neutralizers are non-lathering and? (pg. 350)
11. Who invented the “Wonderful Hair Grower”? (pg. 345)
12. What is applied at the scalp for a “base-type” relaxer? (pg. 347)
13. Which hydroxide relaxer has the lowest pH and can be used on less resistant hair? (pg. 348)
14. What type of curl pattern does very curly hair have? (pg. 344)
15. Which relaxer is compatible with a soft curl permanent? (pg. 343 & 349)
A. sodium hydroxide B. ammonium thioglycolate C. calcium hydroxide 16. What percentage of curl is removed for maximum relaxation? (pg. 352)
17. Which strength relaxer is best used on resistant and coarse hair? (pg. 351)
18. What part of the relaxing procedure accelerates curl reduction? (pg. 358)
19. When is a preliminary strand test performed for a relaxation procedure? (pg. 354)
20. What size partings are used for the application of the relaxer product? (pg. 360, 362 & 364)
Cosmetology Electricity REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. What electrical current flows in ONLY one direction? (pg. 368 & 372)
2. The flow of electrical current or charge is? (pg. 370)
3. Which measures the amount of electric flow resistance? (pg. 375)
4. Which is the application of various types of electric currents that are used by way of electrodes
and placed on the skin or scalp? (pg. 369 & 380)
5. A substance that prevents the flow of electricity is an? (pg. 369 & 372)
6. Examples of conductors are metal, copper and? (pg. 372)
7. What is the measurement of how much electrical power or current is used? (pg. 368 & 374)
8. The law that relates to voltage (V), current (I) and resistance (R) is? (pg. 375)
9. What does the acronym UL represent? (pg. 377)
A. Underwriters Laboratory B. Union Laws 10. When a circuit is completed, the ground wire causes the electricity to return to the? (pg. 377)
11. Who invented the “Tesla Current?” (pg. 371)
12. Which type of current is used by high-frequency current? (pg. 381)
13. Which form of electrical therapy uses glass electrodes? (pg. 382)
14. What effect does a negative pole have on the skin? (pg. 384)
A. decreases blood flow B. soothes nerves C. produces alkaline reaction 15. Which form of light therapy causes aging? (pg. 393)
16. Which type of light therapy produces the most amount of heat? (pg. 391)
17. When all colors are redirected back into the prism, what color appears? (pg. 388)
18. Which UV ray has the longest wavelength? (pg. 393)
19. Incandescent lights produce? (pg. 389)
20. Visible light is produced by electromagnetic radiation, also known as? (pg. 387)
A. Acute (9)
1. Motor Nerve Fibers cause muscle contraction creating
a “goose flesh” skin appearance. Pg. 410
2. Collagen is a major protein that provides structural support to all other tissues within the dermis. Pg. 412 3. Keratinization converts the living skin cells into hard protein cells as they move upward changing shape within the epidermis. Pg. 401 4. Psoriasis appears as red patches covered with silvery-white scales or crusts. Pg. 432 5. Impetigo is a skin disease created from bacteria producing blisters filled with yellow-brown liquid. Pg. 440 6. Ultraviolet-B has a medium wavelength and is responsible for either “tanning” or “sunburning” of the skin. Pg. 415 7. Skin is a valuable covering on our bodies protecting the underlying systems. Pg. 398 8. Dermis or true skin consists of two layers, papillary and reticular. Pg. 404 I. Malignant Melanoma (10) 9. Acute is when a skin disorder or disease is of short duration, but is severe and painful. Pg. 422 10. Malignant Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer appearing as unevenly shaped dark brown or black skin lesions. Pg. 439 11. Sunscreen is a cosmetic product that chemically absorbs ultraviolet rays. Pg. 417 12. Mitosis is the reproduction or cell division that creates the layers within the epidermis. Pg. 400 13. Elastin Tissue is elastic protein fibers that are interwoven with collagen fibers providing stretch to skin. Pg. 404 & 413 14. Stratum Lucidum is made up of clear cells and is mostly found on palms of hands and soles of feet. Pg. 403 15. Nevus or birthmark is either raised or non-raised irregularly shaped mark or stain on the skin. Pg. 435 16. Hypodermis or fatty layer provides a protective
cushion for the epidermis. Pg. 405
17. Pores are openings at the hair follicles where sweat 18. Rosacea is a chronic skin disorder with dilation of tiny blood vessels appearing on nose and cheeks. Pg. 431 19. Crust is a secondary lesion known as a scab, which
forms over an injury to the skin. Pg. 426
20. Stratum Germinativum or basal layer is where the
epidermis is created. Pg. 402
1. Which essential oil has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral qualities? (pg. 464)
2. Which cosmetic product removes surface oils, dirt and makeup from the facial skin? (pg. 452)
3. What does exfoliation do to the stratum corneum layer of the epidermis? (pg. 444 & 456)
A. remove dead skin cells B. accumulate dead skin cells C. increase melanin production
4. Which facial machine is used during the facial treatment to soften the skin and open the pores?
(pg. 466)
5. What must be done to the facial skin prior to a skin analysis? (pg. 475)
6. What natural product is rich in retinol, which stimulates elastin and collagen production? (pg.

7. What is used to accommodate the technician’s mobility in reaching the client and products?
(pg. 469)
8. Which essential oil is used as an astringent to control over-production of sebum? (pg. 464)
9. Paraffin wax masks are beneficial for which skin type? (pg. 455)
10. Which of the following material is a loosely woven fabric that rests on the face prior to the
application of a paraffin wax facial? (pg. 449)
11. How often is it recommended for a client to receive a facial treatment? (pg. 471)

12. What percentage of alpha hydroxy acid is recommended for “in-salon” use ONLY? (pg. 457)
13. Which cosmetic product is recommended that contains a broad-spectrum sunscreen?(pg.453)
14. A facial treatment offers deep cleansing and nourishing therapies to the face and? (pg. 470)
15. Which skin-care professional diagnoses and treats minor and major skin conditions?(pg. 447)
16. Which cosmetic product softens the epidermal layer and restores hydration? (pg. 453)
17. The magnifying lamp is used during the skin analysis of the facial treatment to? (pg. 466)
B. stimulate blood flow C. enlarge view of skin 18. Alpha hydroxy acids are natural derivatives of sugar cane, milk and? (pg. 457)
19. Eye cream will reduce puffiness and has what effect on dark circles? (pg. 458)
20. When is the client consultation performed for a facial treatment? (pg. 472)
A. Client Profile Cards (11)
1. Powder is sprinkled over skin to allow wax to effectively adhere to unwanted hair and skin. Pg. 510 2. Close-Set Eyes are when the third eye overlaps onto a person’s two eyes. Pg. 512 3. Electrolysis is a method to permanently remove unwanted hair using a direct electrical current. Pg. 503 4. Straight Razor was a typical tool of choice used in the early 1900s to remove men’s facial hair. Pg. 492 5. Hirsutism is a condition when excessive hair growth occurs on uncommon areas of the face and body. Pg. 494 6. Depilatory is a cosmetic product applied over the skin
to dissolve unwanted hair. Pg. 488 & 497
7. Waxing uses a product that encases the entire hair shaft, which pulls out hair root from follicle. Pg. 498 8. Jacob Schick invented and sold the first hand-held electric razor in 1931. Pg. 492 9. Tweezing is a method using a tweezers to pull out individual hair in a small area. Pg. 496 10. Ingrown Hair occurs when shortened hair is unable to push through the surface of the skin. Pg. 489 & 514 11. Client Profile Cards are questionnaires containing useful client history, health and skin-care information. Pg. 516 12. Eyebrow Brush is a tool used to smooth, control and separate eyebrow hair. Pg. 507 13. Soothing Cream is a cosmetic product applied over waxed skin to calm and minimize swelling and redness. Pg. 511 14. Cloth Strips are placed and smoothed over wax to allow adhesion and removal of wax and unwanted hair. Pg. 506 15. Pseudofolliculitis is a condition when short curly hair curves and re-enters the skin creating boils and abscesses. Pg. 514 16. Release Form tells the client there are certain risks involved when performing any hair removal service. Pg. 517 17. Pellon is a non-woven durable white cloth applied over wax to remove unwanted hair. Pg. 489 & 506 18. Patch Test determines if a client is sensitive or allergic to product being applied on skin. Pg. 497 19. Wax Remover is a cosmetic product applied over waxed skin to remove any leftover wax residue. Pg. 511 20. Sugaring is a non-irritating and natural form of temporary hair removal. Pg. 489 & 502
Art of Makeup REVIEW QUESTIONS Multiple Choice
1. Which tool is used to curl the eyelashes before applying mascara? (pg. 536)
2. What is used to sanitize the end of eye and lip liner pencils? (pg. 536, 550 & 551)
3. Which principle of color combines two primary colors? (pg. 559)
4. Which eyelash extension design appears the most natural-looking? (pg. 578)
5. Which set of eyes requires no corrective makeup? (pg. 572)
6. The three dimensions of color are hue, value and? (pg. 562 & 563)
7. What makeup cosmetic provides a healthy glow to the skin? (pg. 553)
8. The pigments used in foundation are produced from coloring agents referred to as? (pg. 543)
9. In what era was a high forehead considered beautiful? (pg. 529)
10. What is used to absorb excess oil from the skin? (pg. 535)
11. Which face shape requires shadowing at corners of forehead and jawline to create a balanced
face shape? (pg. 570)
12. Individual lashes or separate flares are attached to the? (pg. 578)
13. To create proportionate lips for someone with small lips, where is the lip line drawn? (pg.

A. outside the natural lip line B. inside the natural lip line C. along the natural lip line 14. Which type of foundation provides exceptional coverage? (pg. 544)
15. What makeup cosmetic enhances natural eyelashes? (pg. 552)
16. Which face shape requires shadowing along perimeter of cheek bones to create a balanced
face shape? (pg. 571)
17. Which feature of the face is considered the most expressive? (pg. 548 & 572)
18. Which color is considered to have a cool temperature? (pg. 561)
19. Which tool is considered disposable and must be discarded after use? (pg. 535)
20. Back in the 16th and 17th centuries, the wealthy would dilate their pupils by using belladonna,
which is? (pg. 529)
A. Athlete’s Foot (16)
1. Fungus is a type of plant parasite causing a contagious disease called ringworm or tinea. Pg. 601 & 612 2. Onychocryptosis or ingrown nail; when the nail grows into nail groove. Pg. 610 3. Nail Plate is also called the nail body. Pg. 603 4. Onychauxis is nail plate thickening in width not length. Pg. 611 5. Onychophagy is bitten nails. Pg. 601 & 610 6. Onyx is a scientific term for nail. Pg. 602 7. Medications may cause nails to become weak or brittle. Pg. 617 8. Cuticle is the portion of skin extending over and resting upon the base of the nail plate. Pg. 600 & 604 9. Nail Bed is the portion of skin to which the nail plate is attached and rests upon. Pg. 603 10. Free Edge is part of the nail plate not attached to skin and extends beyond the fingertip. Pg. 600 & 603 11. Tinea Manus is a fungal infection between fingers and on the palms of hands. Pg. 612 12. Matrix is the part of the nail bed that extends below the nail root. Pg. 604 13. Nail Disorder is caused by an injury, health condition or heredity. Pg. 607 14. Lunula is also referred to the “half-moon.” Pg. 601 & 604 15. Magnifying Glass will help the visually impaired client to see the finished nail design. Pg. 616 16. Athlete’s Foot or tinea pedis is a fungal infection between the toes. Pg. 600 & 612 17. Hyponychium is the layer of skin cells under the free edge of the nail. Pg. 605 18. Paronychia is inflammation of skin surrounding the nail or under the nail plate. Pg. 613 19. Leukonychia is white spots or streaks within the nail plate. Pg. 609 20. Koilonychia is when the nail plate edges turn up creating a concave depression. Pg. 608 Nail Treatments REVIEW QUESTIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. What recommended cutting tool shortens fingernail length? (pg. 638)
2. How many methods of acrylic ball applications are there? (pg. 680)
3. What is the name of the acrylic powder that combines with monomer? (pg. 658)
4. Which liquid tool is applied under polish color to help seal in wavy ridges on the nail? (pg.

5. If the grit number on a file is high, the abrasive is considered? (pg. 632)
6. At what degree is the sculpting brush held to create an artificial nail on the free edge?(pg. 679)

7. Which nail shape is more susceptible to breakage? (pg. 665)
8. Which file smoothes the surface of the nail and provides shine? (pg. 633)
9. Which product is used as a gentle exfoliate for the feet during a pedicure? (pg. 648)
10. If the grit number is low, the abrasive is considered? (pg. 632)
11. What bonding agent allows a nail tip to adhere to the natural nail? (pg. 657 & 702)
12. What determines the coarseness to fineness of a file or buffer? (pg. 632)
13. The three types of fabric wraps are fiberglass, silk and? (pg. 655 & 668)
14. What liquid tool helps to revitalize and moisturize the skin during massage? (pg. 649)
15. Which nail shape is a common choice for men or children? (pg. 665)
16. The cylinder-type rod used to reinforce the arch in a sculptured nail is? (pg. 655)
17. What are the plastic extensions applied to the top of the natural nail to create length? (pg.

18. The degree or amount by which something is raised or angled is referred to as? (pg. 676)
19. What chemical process will remove dirt and reduce the number of pathogenic bacteria? (pg.

20. How many nail surface divisions are there for artificial nail placement? (pg. 678)
The Business of Beauty REVIEW QUESTIONS
A. Advertising (7)
1. Branding is a mental imprint that is earned and belongs to a product or individual. Pg. 722 & 740 2. Location is the most important factor when opening a salon. Pg. 750 3. Default on a loan means it was not paid back. Pg. 752 4. Résumé is a communication tool that catalogs and summarizes your education, employment and accomplishments. Pg. 723, 726 & 727 5. Practical Exam consists of performing the actual hands-on skills appropriate to your area of study. Pg. 730 6. Moral is a standard of right or wrong behavior based on an individual’s principles of beliefs. Pg. 764 7. Advertising is used to acquire more clients through public promotion of business, products and services. Pg. 754 8. Style is an outward representation of your fashion attitude. Pg. 723 & 732 9. Goal is a target that is planned, monitored and reached within a scheduled time frame. Pg. 723 & 761 10. Revenue is initial income without tax deductions. Pg. 738 11. Client Retention is when customers continuously return for scheduled services. Pg. 722 & 744 12. Compensation is receiving payment for hours worked. Pg. 738 13. Leasing is to own the business, but not owning the building in which the business is located. Pg. 751 14. Mass Market is the process of reaching as many people as possible. Pg. 755 15. Commission is a percentage of the revenue generated from services rendered. Pg. 739 16. Retailing is the act of requesting the client purchase cosmetic products for home maintenance. Pg. 758 17. Registered Symbol means the branding symbol was legally recorded with the USPTO or its foreign counterpart. Pg. 740 18. Upselling is when the professional advises the client to receive additional beauty services. Pg. 758 19. Cover Letter is an introduction to the employer from the prospective employee requesting an interview. Pg. 728 & 729 20. Consumption Supplies are any products used in the daily operation of the salon/spa. Pg. 758


Curriculum vitae

CURRICULUM VITAE DANIELA COCCHI - Full Professor of Pharmacology , Faculty of Medicine, University of Brescia; - Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Brescia; - Director of the Research Center on Bone Metabolic Diseases and Osteoporosis; -past Chairperson of the Department of Biomedical Sciences and Biotechnologies, University of Brescia. Research interest :

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