VISIT Report of NVBDCP World bank District Kondagaon, Chhattisgarh
-Dr Sunil Gitte, Deputy Director and team
Kondagaon is a district separated from bastar district on 24 January 2012 and formed
as 27th district of Chhattisgarh state in t This is a tribal district. Thus the
culture and the customs are different here from the other parts of the state. The population of the
District Epidemiological Profile of malaria of Year 2012and Visited Blocks:
There is reduction in API and ABER as compare to year 2011. LLIN were distributed in the selected blocks of the district. MTS has not done the LQAS and assessment survey after the distribution.
A) District headquarter:
Human Resource: Recently a medical officer ha given charge of
DMO. MTS is looking
technical aspects of the programme. The post of VBD consultant was vacant and only two
MTS are in place. There is shortage of manpower, of doctors and MPWs 11/44) in the
district. The Lab technicians are also posted at PHC and start the microscopic blood slide
examination at Dahikonga, Anantpur, Badedonger and Bhaigaon. The untrained new
technician needs training in malaria. The MTS and MI should focus on the recording
District Hospital malaria mortality:
The team has visited the district Hospital and scrutinized indoor mortality and morbidity records of male, female and paediatrics wards.Staffs of sentinel site of the district hospital wereinteracted on day of visit.
The indoor records showing mortality due to malaria was noted by team which was neither investigated nor noted in the sentinel site reporting or district malaria mortality report. All deaths were microscopic or Rd kits positive.Most of the cases were referred from the peripheral health facility. The Slides was prepared of these cases send for microscopic
examination. The RD kits were not issued at IPD in case of emergency. They are waiting for microscopy results. The record keeping of the lab is poorly maintained.
Table showing the year wise total death, admission, malaria deaths mention on IPD sheet.
Deaths who are Malaria
No of Admission
Positive on IPD paper
@ Source Daily reporting on state web (cg health.nic.in)
# Data collected and verified from IPD record of the district Hospital by RD Team
(Details attached as part-2 and Annexure I and II)
B) Visited Blocks
Diagnosis and Treatment:
The team has visitedMakadi, Pharasgaon and Kaskal block. One PHC and health Sub-Center was selected based on the approachability and feasibility. The Rd kits are utilized at CHC laboratory. A passive case after diagnosis and treatment is given at CHC OPD cases with Chloroquine and Primaquine. There is scarcity of ACT in the district in last and current year. NO ACT given to malaria affected person. The record was keeping and management of antimalarial is very poorly maintained in all surveyed sectors.
In year 2012-13 83625 kits were received to district and all were distributed in the
field but there is variation in the report regarding to consumption. MTS looking the logistic monitoring of all blocks. Last year the logestics related to malaria received from parent district (Jagdalpur, Bastar). The Record keeping is very poor at level regarding RD kit. Variation in the distribution and utilized stock of RD kits.
At Pharasgaon CHC, 31500 rupees from JDS funds purchase bivalent RD kits from
market in spite of the free supply of Pf kit from govt. For bivalent test they charges 40
rupees from malaria patients as per JDS. The BMO should follow the GOI, RD kit
guidelines for diagnosis. MI posted for monitoring and supervision of block. He is not
aware of the guidelines and LLIN distribution in high endemic areas of block. No
epidemiology indicators are calculated or none were aware of it.
The ACT blister packs were not found in all surveyed health facility they used only
Chloroquine and primaquine. The presumptive treatment is practiced in all surveyed health
facilities. The recording regarding the ACT is not available with MTS who looking technical
aspects of the programme. There RMA were interacted about the ACT usage , none of them
able to reply about the combination and dosage etc. there is urgent need of training on the
malaria to RMA. They are the backbone of primary health care in terms of curative services.
Nearly about 90% of patient comes to OPD they are diagnosing and treating. Step should be
taken for uninterrupted ACT supply to all peripheral health institutes.
Steps should take
for channelized this distributed peripheralstock for proper and timely utilization.
3) Chloroquine and Primaquine:
There was scarcity of Chloroquine and Primaquine in the District in year 2012 -13 . The tablets were purchase from JDS in all surveyed health facilities.The above consumption of these tablets indicating staff is still giving focus on presumptive treatment.Presently the stock of the block was exhausted.
ln year 2012 IRS coverage ranging from 86 to 92% in four blocks.
M formats are filledat CHC level and end to district Malaria office
Indoor record was not properly maintained at Makdi CHC while neat and
properly record is maintained at Keskal and Pharasgaon CHC block.
D) Visited Primary Healthcenters
The team visited 3 PHCs namely in selected blocks.The facility of Blood smear examination by trained technician are available in all visited PHCs so from all suspected cases blood slides were prepared and examined.
PHCs having no ACT stock ,theChloroquineandPrimaquine arelimited available since last I year. Presumptive treatment is practiced based on the availability of antimalarial drugs at primary health center. On interviewed at one RMA (Rural Medical Assistant) at primary health Center told that they gives Presumptive treatment to clinically suspected fever cases . No ACT supply to surveyed PHC. RD kits were supplied irregular so there is no effective utilization during and after transmission season
No any record related to malaria available and kept at Primary health centre for evaluation reference purpose.
E) Visited Health Subcenters
The team has visited 4HSCs in the surveyed blocks interacted with Subcenter staff(only ANM) and village ASHA (Mitainins) workers.
The subcenter staffs prepared the slides and send the slide for microscopic centres but results were not received 24 hrs. More than weeks are required for getting microscopic slide result.
Presently stock of RD kits available at surveyed subcenters.
F) Involvement of ASHA
The team has interacted with 5 ASHAs at surveyed Subcenter village. None of them were supply RDKits and ACTs.Presently, chloroquine and primaquine tablets were not available in their drugs kit.
All interacted ASHA having logistics like slides, pricking needles and spiritnot available with them. Last year in the report of District none of mitanin prepared the slides.
Malignant Hyperthermia—Molecular TestingThierry GirardDepartments of Anesthesia and Research, University hospital, Basel, SwitzerlandHenrik RueffertDepartment of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University hospital,Leipzig, GermanyPerioperative deaths associated with hyperthermiahave been reported since introduction of generalMalignant hyperthermia (MH) is triggered by allanesth
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