H.K. Leung, H.W. Lo, L.M.Mok, T.K.W. Ling and W.T. Hui for correct results, 0 for incorrect results and (HKMTAQAP) in Medical Microbiologywas first introduced in 1990 and consists of Participants
2 sections: bacterial identification andantimicrobial susceptibility testing. In order to assist participants in analysing their steadily increased to 40 when compared with performance, a score is given for each result.
39 in 1996, 36 in 1995, 34 in 1994, 32 in In bacterial identification, scores of 2 are 1993, 28 in 1992, 26 in 1991 and 18 in 1990.
given for fully correct results, 1 for partiallycorrect results, 0 for negative results and -1 of laboratories registered in the programme susceptibility testing, scores of 1 are given Number and type of laboratories in 1997 and 1998
Survey Material Distribution
Bacteriological Identification
sent in 4 surveys. In each distribution, each culture or mixture of bacteria was sent for participating laboratory was provided with distributed and participants’ performance are susceptibility testing together with a ReturnForm.
HKMTAQAP Biennial Report 1997 & 98 strains was sent out. Some were relatively 74% for 1994, 87% for 1993, 83% for 1992, (Weeksella virosa) were not scored as they were for educational purposes only.
Interested readers may refer to 1997 Survey
HKMTAQAP Biennial Report 1997 & 98 Report Two and 1997 Survey Report
Four1 for more details concerning MM 709
P s e u d o m o n a s a e r u g i n o s a a n dStreptococcus pneumoniae. Only 49% MM 801 was E. coli O157, a low
(Shigella dysenteriae), MM 703 (Vibrio t h e u n a w a r e n e s s o f E n t e r o p a r a h a e m o l y t i c u s ) , M M 7 1 3 Haemorrhagic E. coli ( EHEC ).
(Salmonella typhimurium), MM 715( Ed ward s i e l l a t a rda ) , M M 8 0 3 MM 805 was Vibrio cholerae O139.
( S h i g e l l a f l e x n e r i ) , M M 8 0 6 ( S h i ge l l a s o n n e i ) a n d M M 8 1 5 Interpretative Quality Assurance
Program (IQAP) with the Hong Kong
College of Pathologists.
Listeria ivanovii (MM 705)1. Only 44%
of participants were able to identify to
questions set on 2 bacterial identification Readers may refer to 1997 Survey
Report Two for more information on
College of Pathologists participated in this program. This programme has been runningfor four years now and currently there are M M 7 0 2 wa s Arc a n o b a c t e r i u m haemolyticum. 85% (33/39) of theparticipants gave the correct answer.
Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing
79% (31/39) gave the correct answer.
laboratories for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The survey results are shown in table3.
HKMTAQAP Biennial Report 1997 & 98 HKMTAQAP Biennial Report 1997 & 98 Participants performed quite well in this negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR)
category with an all-correct result of greater strain of Haemophilus influenzae (MM than 90% for 1998. The percentage of fully correct results was 92.6% for 1998, 86.7% for 1997, 97% for 1996, 96 % in 1995, 95% in 1994, 96% in 1993, 88% in 1992, 94% in ampicillin was only 68%, this wasslightly better than the previous year.
participating laboratories are not shown since Readers may refer to 1997 Survey
Report Two for more details about this
HKMTAQAP Biennial Report 1997 & 98 For Branhamella catarrhalis (MM 704) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (MM
712)3, only 76% of participants were
the other antibiotics was quite good with may refer to 1997 Survey Report
an all-correct percentage of greater than Three for more details about MM 712.
MM 808 was a strain of E. coli, the Performance Analysis
percentage of correct answers forampicillin and cephalothin was 55% based on results shown in Tables 2 and 3. A confidently explain this low percentage.
performance rating representing individual laboratory performance was calculated using Standard deviation of the cumulative score of all laboratories examining the same specimen performance rating were doing better than correct), 43 (10 1%) were given a score of 1 (partially correct),18 (4.2%) were given a average and laboratories with negative rating given a score of -1 (wrong). There were two
participants 1 with a performance rating of Laboratories with a performance rating of - 1.96 standard deviation below the mean wereconsidered to have performed significantly Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing
(1997) : Of the 948 reports received for
Bacteriological Identification
the 4 specimens, 822 (86.7%) were correctand 126 (13.3%) were wrong. There were (1997):Of the 386 results returned for
four participants with a performance rating
the 12 specimens used in the analysis, 317 (82.1%) were given a score of 2 (fullycorrect), 43 (11.3%) were given a score of 1 (1998) : Of the 999 reports received for
(partially correct),14 (3.6%) were given a the 4 specimens, 925 (92.6%) were correct score of 0 (negative) and 9 (2.3%) were given a score of -1 (wrong). There were two
one participant with a performance rating of
participants with a performance rating of 1 Murray PR, Baron EJ, Pfaller MA.Manual of Clinical (1998):Of the 425 results returned for
the 12 specimens used in the analysis, 346


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Normative data and factor structure of the Fernand-Widal, AP-HP, 200 Rue du Faubourg Saint-Denis, 75010 Paris, France Received 26 April 1999; received in revised form 24 August 1999; accepted 15 September 1999 Abstract We explored the psychometric features of the French Temperament and Character Inventory Ž602-subject community sample Ž263 men and 339women , representative of the French


Pesq. Vet. Bras. 24(2):57-60, abr./jun. 2004Antimicrobial resistance and R-plasmid in Salmonella sppNorma S. Lázaro2*, Anita Tibana3, Dália P. Rodrigues4, Eliane M.F. Reis4, Bianca R. .- Lázaro N.S., Tibana A., Rodrigues D.P., Reis E.M.F., Quintaes B.R. & Hofer E. 2004. Antimicrobial resistance and R-plasmid in Salmonella spp from swine and abattoirenvironments. Pesquisa Veterinár

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