GRAYSON COUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENT 515 North Walnut 205 N. Houston Sherman, Denison, 903-893-0131 903-465-2878 903-892-3776 903-465-2978 Steve Devore, Director Kevin Stacks, M.D., Medical Authority and Grayson County Health Authority Seasonal Flu Basics Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It spreads from person-to-person and can cause mild to severe illness; and in some cases, can lead to death.
In the United States, yearly outbreaks of seasonal flu usually happen during the fall through early spring.
The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccination each year.
Deaths from flu-related causes range from 3,300 to 48,600 (average 23,600)
Some groups are more likely to have complications from the seasonal flu. These include:
o people of any age who have chronic medical conditions (e.g. diabetes, asthma, congestive heart failure, lung
Complications from the flu can include:
o worsening of chronic medical conditions
Every year in the United States, on average: 5 to 20 percent of the population get the flu More than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu-related complications Deaths from flu-related causes range from 3,300 to 48,600 (average 23,600) Is it a Cold or the Flu? Flu and the common cold are both respiratory illnesses, but they are caused by different viruses.
Flu and the common cold have similar symptoms (e.g. fever, sore throat). It can be difficult to tell the difference between
Your doctor can give you a flu test within the first few days of your illness to determine whether you have the flu.
In general, the flu is worse than the common cold.
Symptoms such as fever, body aches, extreme tiredness, and dry cough are more common and intense with the flu.
Colds are usually milder than the flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose.
Colds generally do not result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalizations.
Vaccine for 2010-2011 Influenza Season
The 2010-2011 seasonal influenza vaccine includes protection against three flu viruses, an H3N2 virus, an influenza B virus
and the H1N1 virus that caused so much illness last season. As is always the case with seasonal vaccine, younger children
who have never had a seasonal vaccine will still need two doses.
The single best way to protect against seasonal flu and its potential severe complications in children is to get a seasonal influenza vaccine each year. The seasonal flu vaccine protects against three influenza viruses that research
indicates will be most common during the upcoming season. The 2010-2011 flu vaccine protects against 2009 H1N1, and two
other influenza viruses (an H3N2 virus and an influenza B virus).
Everyone 6 months of age and older should get a seasonal flu vaccine. This includes all children aged 6 months
If a child is receiving flu vaccine for the first time, the child will need 2 doses, spaced four weeks apart.
Children commonly need medical care because of influenza, especially before they turn 5 years old.
Severe influenza complications are most common in children younger than 2 years old.
Children with chronic health problems like asthma and diabetes are at especially high risk of developing serious
Flu Symptoms It is important to watch for any signs that your child doesn’t feel well and to pay attention to any unusual behavior. Although the symptoms for all flu are similar, infants could have a fever or be lethargic, but may not have a cough or other respiratory symptoms. All types of flu can cause: Coughing and/or sore throat Runny or stuffy nose Headaches and/or body aches What to Do If Your Child Gets Sick
Call your doctor right away if your child gets sick. Antiviral medications used to treat flu in some patients work best when
started within the first 2 days (48 hours) of getting sick.
The doctor may start your child on antiviral drugs even after 48 hours when symptoms began, especially if the
child has been hospitalized or is at high risk for flu-related complications.
Children younger than 5 years old and children with chronic medical conditions, such as asthma and diabetes,
may be at higher risk for complications from flu. Check with your doctor about any special treatment requirements for them.
Some over-the-counter medicines are approved for children to use to relieve flu symptoms.
If your child has a fever, use fever-reducing medicines that your doctor recommends based on your child’s age.
A fever is a temperature taken with a thermometer that is equal to or greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.8
degrees Celsius). If you are not able to measure a temperature, the child might have a fever if he or she feels warm, has a flushed appearance, or is sweating or shivering.
Keep your sick child home until at least 24 hours after the child no longer has a fever or signs of a fever (100°F or 37.8°C) (without the use of a fever-reducing medicine, such as Tylenol®).
Make sure your child gets plenty of rest and drinks clear fluids (such as water, broth, sports drinks, electrolyte
beverages for infants, Pedialyte®) to keep from being dehydrated.
Keep your sick child in a separate room in the house as much as possible to limit contact with household
Consider having just one person be the main caregiver for the sick child.
You can consider sending your child back to school after at least 24 hours has passed since his or her
temperature returned to normal WITHOUT the use of medications.
Over-the-Counter Medication Guidance
Your child or teen will probably feel miserable with body aches, sore throat, and other symptoms of the flu. Taking certain
over-the-counter medicines can help relieve their flu symptoms. A doctor will decide if antiviral medications are necessary.
Call the doctor’s office if your child experiences any side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, rash, or unusual behavior. See
Caring for Someone Sick at Home for more details.
Patient Age DON’Ts
(Tylenol®) or ibuprofen (Advil®, Bismol®). This can cause a rare
When to Get Emergency Medical Care If your child has any of these signs, seek emergency medical care right away:
being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
has other conditions (like heart or lung disease, diabetes, or asthma) and develops flu symptoms, including a
ABSTRACT MICs of 6 fluoroquinolones as well as minocycline and cefotaxime against 46 clinical isolates of Vibrio vulnificus were determined by the agar dilution method. All had good antibacterial activities against all isolates with MIC90s varying between 0.03 and 0.06 µg/ml. MIC90 of lomefloxacin, on the other hand, was 0.12 (g/ml. Time-kill studies were conducted with these agents aga
CURRICULUM VITAE Texas A&M Health Science Center (TAMU 1266) E-mail: [email protected] EDUCATION: University of Houston, Houston, Texas Professor, Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Rural Public Health, Texas A&M Health Science Center, College Station, Texas. Scientific Advisor, U.S. Health Economics, Oxford Outcomes, Ltd., Morristown, New Professor, De