Indian J. Applied & Pure Bio. Vol. 26(1), 75-78 (2011). Diversity of Ethnomedicinal plants used by Tribals of Karjat Taluka in Maharashtra, India Gauri S. Soman
Department of Botany, Maharashi Dayanand College, Parel, Mumbai – 400012 (India)
Karjat Taluka lies in the Raigad district of Maharashtra state
18o55’o” N and 73o20’o” E. It is characterized by average rainfall of 2500mm, black rocky basalt to reddish yellow coloured soil. Karjat issurrounded by moist or dry deciduous to semi evergreen forests. It liesmidst the Bhor Ghat, Sahyadri and Western Ghats. The tribals of theseregion are Katkaries, Thakurs and Mahadev Koli. The paper deals withmedicinal plants used by these tribals for treatment of diseases andcuring common ailments. The data on ethnomedicinal plants is on theverge of extinction, so a survey was carried out to collect valuableinformation on traditional medicinal plants. In this investigationdocumentation of 20 plants belonging to various families is recorded. The information regarding use of plants, their botanical names and localnames is described in this paper. Ethnobotany is a branch of economic and are cold with average temperature 15 C.
botany that deals with use of plants in life of
The tribals such as Katkaries, Thakurs and
people. Tribal communities dwell in dense
forest of India use traditional medicine system
Karjat taluka such as Kashale, Shilarwadi,
for health care based on Herbal remedies for
plants frequently used by these tribals to cure
Area under study: Karjat taluka lies
in Raigad district of Maharashtra, India,18o55’ooN and 73o20’ooE, midst Bhor Ghat,
Sahyadri, and Western Ghats. The soil is rocky
and information given by the tribals and was
basalt to reddish yellow in colour. Karjat is
recorded. A critical systematic documentation
characterized by moist or dry deciduous to
rainfall is 2500mm per year. The summers are
dry and hot with average temperature 38oC
Table-1 List of Ethnomedicinal Plants of Karjat Taluka, M.S.
Decoction of Stem given for- Fever, Cold.
Powder of roasted seed given for - stomach
Decoction of Root given for-Loose motions
Paste of fresh leaves applied on ulcers.
Decoction given in- swelling due to watery
fluid in body. Powder of thorns on applied
Decoction of bark and flower given in –
Juice of leaves given in- diarrhoea (loose
Sesame oil applied on- Skin diseases.
Juice of leaf + Ginger juice + Honey given
Decoction of Roots applied on-Dog bite.
Bark powder – applied over deep cuts or
Fresh bark crushed applied on fractures.
Paste of leaves and pods given for curing-
relieves mental stress (Sedative), induces
Juice of tuberous roots-in case of Reduced
breast milk.½ cup juice + ½ cup milk–given
treatment for- Cough in infants, Leaf juice
Pinch of root powder + water –given orally
for-Snake bite (Cobra).Juice of leaves to
Powder of seeds + Water given orally for-
Snake Bite (Saw scaled vipor – phonsom).
Juice of leaves given in- loose motions with
blood. Decoction of bark in treatment of-
Paste of entire plant is applied on fractured
civilization into forest areas due to urbanization
Plants, CSIR Publication, New Delhi.
2. Jain, S.K., B.K. Sinha and Arvind Saklani
3. V.D. Vartak and Madhav Gadgil-‘Studies
made to collect, record and store the valuable
data on Ethnomedicine before its extinction.
4. Vartak, V.D., M.S. Kumbhujkar and D. S.
Nipunage (1987). Sacared grooves of tribalareas along the Western Ghats.
1. Chopra, R.N., S.L. Nayar and I.C. Chopra
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