Microsoft word - medical assistant study guide.doc

1) Which of the following suffixes means “lack of 2) The body cavity that contains the intestines is the 3) The abbreviation q.o.d. as used in prescriptions, Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 5) Which of the following suffixes refers to pain? 6) The organs of the respiratory system include all of 7) Which of the following terms means “cell eating”? 8) Which of the following is not a body plane? Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 10) The abbreviation meaning “immediately” is 11) Which of the following is not a type of muscle tissue? LAW & ETHICS
1) Professional negligence is also called Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. Malpractice B. Malfunction C. Malice D. Arbitration E. A. May not refuse treatment in an emergency B. May refuse to provide follow-up care after initial C. Must provide a diagnosis to a patient’s employer D. Must provide a medical history to the patient’s insurance company if the insurance company requests it May choose to accept a patient if he or she chooses A. Encourage physicians to render emergency first B. Exist in all 50 states C. Protect physicians against liability for negligence D. Deal with the treatment of accident victims E. 4) A crime punishable by a fine or imprisonment for A. Misdemeanor B. Felony C. Mitigation D. Mutual assent Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 5) All of the following are reasons for revoking a A. Mental incapacity B. Physical incapacity C. Conviction of a crime D. Unprofessional conduct E. 6) Which of the following items is the most important for medical assistants to keep in mind during their daily work routine in medical offices? A. Burglary B. Confidentiality C. Privilege granted to a physician D. Consent E. 7) The patient’s medical record belongs to A. The patient’s spouse B. The physician C. The patient D. The patient’s attorney E. 8) In cases of malpractice involving res ipsa loquitur, A. The patient has the burden of proving the B. The physician has the burden of proving his or C. The physician is not bound by physician-patient Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 9) If a patient refuses to consent to treatment, the A. Schedule the patient for another appointment B. Force treatment on the patient C. Force the patient to consent D. Delay treatment and inform/consult the 10) The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act includes the A. Physicians who accept organs and tissue in good faith, relying on apparently valid documents, are protected from lawsuits B. The time of death must be determined by a C. Any person over 18 years of age may give all or any part of his or her body up after death for research or transplantation PHARMACOLOGY
1) Which route is involved in administering a drug by placing it under the patient’s tongue and leaving it there until it is dissolved? A. Buccal route B. Sublingual route C. Subcutaneous route Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 2) The angle for the insertion of the needle for an ID A. 10 – 15 degrees B. 20 – 30 degrees C. 45 degrees D. 90 degrees E. Not important 3) Which of the following drug types is used to reduce A. Hypolipidemic B. Anticoagulant C. Antiarrhythmic D. Cholinergic E. Antisecretory 4) The amount of time required for 50% of a drug to be A. Half-life B. Effective dose 50 (ED50) 5) The main body part involved in the metabolism of A. Stomach B. Kidney C. Small intestine D. Large intestine E. Liver Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 6) To administer an intramuscular injection, which A. 1 inch, 25 gauge B. 1 ½ inch, 21 gauge C. 1 inch, 18 gauge D. ½ inch, 22 gauge E. 2 inch, 20 gauge 7) A chemical substance that interferes with the A. Antiinflammatory B. Antiviral C. Antisecretory D. Antiepileptic E. Antibiotic 8) In the Physicians’ Desk Reference, the index of brand names and generic names for drugs is found in which section? A. White B. Blue C. Pink D. All of the above E. None of the above 9) Drugs that increase urine secretion are A. Laxatives B. Diuretics C. Hypolipidemics D. Cromolyns E. Uremics 10) The study of natural drugs is called Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. Pharmacology B. Toxicology C. Posology D. Pharmacognosy E. Pharmacokinetics EXAMINATION ROOM
1) Which of the following thermometers is considered the most accurate indicator of body temperature? A. Oral B. Aural or tympanic C. Axillary D. Rectal E. Both A and B 2) Disposable single-use gloves should be worn A. When taking a blood pressure B. When handling specimens C. When performing venipuncture D. All of the above E. B and C 3) Which of the following is not considered a vital sign? A. Blood pressure B. Pulse rate C. Body temperature D. Respiration rate E. Weight Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. The difference between the systolic and diastolic B. An occasional missed beat C. Absence of a carotid pulse D. Alternating week and strong beats E. The difference between apical and radial pulses 5) In which of the following positions, used for the examination of the rectum, does the patient lie on the left side with the left leg slightly flexed? A. Sims’ B. Prone C. Lithotomy D. Dorsal recumbent E. Trendelenburg’s 6) A patient’s reaction to stress, use of defense mechanisms, and resources for support would be recorded under A. Chief complaint B. Past history C. History of present illness D. Social history E. Family history 7) The artery most commonly used for taking a patient’s A. Carotid B. Apical C. Temporal D. Celiac E. Radial 8) A patient in the Sims’ position is lying on the Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. Right side, with left leg flexed B. Left side and chest, with right leg flexed C. Back with both legs bent D. Right side, with right leg flexed E. Left side, with left leg flexed 9) Which of the following respiratory terms means A. Bradypnea B. Orthopnea C. Dyspnea D. Apnea E. Eupnea 10) All of the following are responsibilities of the medical assistant in the physical preparation of the patient except A. Dressing the patient in a full gown B. Asking the patient to empty his or her bladder C. Obtaining and prescribing medications that are D. Obtaining and recording the patient’s weight and 11) A type of instrument that is used to grasp or hold A. Probe B. Scalpel C. Scissors D. Forceps E. Retractor Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 12) You’ve taken a patient’s temperature and recorded it as 96.9o F. Later, the physician asks you to convert this measurement to Celsius. What is the patient’s temperature in Celsius? A. 21.8 B. 116.8 C. 36.1 D. 37.9 E. 25.8 A. Usually higher in adults than children B. Usually higher in children than adults C. The same for both D. Lower at birth than at one year E. Higher in adults over 60 than in a child under 7 14) A patient lying flat on the abdomen is in the A. Dorsal position B. Lithotomy position C. Supine position D. Prone position E. Fowler’s position A. Staples B. Thumb forceps C. Suture forceps D. Hemostatic forceps E. Dressing forceps 16) The absence of respiration for periods lasting more Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. Bradypnea B. Hyperpnea C. Shock D. Cheyne-Stokes E. Apnea A. How the patient feels B. Information about the patient’s family C. Previous pregnancies D. All of the above E. A and B 18) Sterile wrapped items can be safely stored, and A. 7 – 14 days B. 14 – 21 days C. 21 – 28 days D. 28 – 35 days E. Indefinitely 19) Which of the following positions requires the examination table to be raised in the middle with both ends pointing down? A. Fowler’s B. Proctologic C. Knee-chest D. Sims’ E. None of the above A. Phonocardiograph B. Echocardiograph C. Cardiac stress testing Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel D. Cardiogram E. Ambulatory electrocardiograph 21) The finest suture material of the following list is A. Nerve impairment of the ears B. Breathing capacity C. Contact dermatitis D. Glaucoma E. Heart rate 23) Wound drainage that contains pus is charted as A. Serous B. Normal C. Serosanguinous D. Sanguinous E. Purulent 24) The position in which the patient is lying flat on the A. Prone B. Sims’ C. Supine D. Fowler’s E. Lithotomy 25) A high fever occurs when the body temperature, in Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. 98 – 99 F B. 99 – 101 F C. 101 – 103 F D. 103 – 105 F E. 38.3 – 39.5 C 26) The best and most accepted method of sterilization is A. Dry heat sterilization B. Zephrin chloride C. Bactericidal solution D. Moist heat sterilization E. Ultrasound sterilization 27) The physician uses which of the following to examine A. Ophthalmoscope B. Percussion hammer C. Tonometer D. Otoscope E. Speculum 28) The general term for a surgical suture is A. Staple B. Ligature C. Needle biopsy D. Pointed needle E. Gauge 29) The purpose of a proctoscopy is to examine the A. Prostrate gland B. Uterus C. Rectum D. Sigmoid colon Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 30) The scalpel blade size often used to perform minor DEALING WITH EMERGENCIES
1) When you suspect neck injury, what action should you take to open the patient’s airway before administering rescue breathing? A. Place your mouth over the patient’s nose and blow air into it until the patient’s chest rises B. Put your fingers behind the jawbone just below C. Wait for EMS personnel, and do not administer D. Hold the patient’s neck rigidly while you lift the patient’s chin up and push back on the forehead E. Open an airway in the patient’s neck with a 2) What percentage of the body is involved in a burn that covers one arm and the head of an adult? Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 3) Which of the following is a correct way to treat a A. Administer activated charcoal B. Walk the patient to a hospital C. Suction the wound and apply ice D. Immobilize the bitten area and wash it with soap 4) Symptoms of head injury may include all of the A. Skull deformity and/or unconsciousness B. Unequal pupils of the eye C. Extreme thirst D. Bleeding from nose, mouth, or ears E. Vomiting and convulsions 5) A patient with hives most likely will report that he or A. Urticaria B. Verruca C. A nevus D. Shingles E. Alopecia A. Cocaine use B. Myocardial infarction C. Epistaxis D. Both B and C E. Both A and B Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 7) Irreversible brain damage can be caused by tissue A. More than 2 minutes B. More than 3 minutes C. More than 6 minutes D. More than 45 minutes E. More than 3 hours A. Bruises or contusions B. Lacerations C. Abrasions D. Scrapes E. None of the above A. Dilates blood vessels B. Constricts blood vessels C. Elevates blood pressure D. Decreases respiration E. Produces weight loss 10) The Rule of Nines classifies third-degree burns by assigning a percentage value to different body surfaces. In the case of a small child, which of the following is given a value of 18%? A. Head B. Each lower limb C. Each arm D. Genitalia E. Both palms 11) Which of the following are symptoms of heatstroke? Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. The body tingles, and the patient feels pain B. There is a white, waxy, or grayish yellow build- up on the skin, and the patient has a high body temperature C. The skin feels moist and hot, and the patient feels dizzy with a possibly altered mental state D. The pulse is rapid, the skin is hot and dry, and E. The patient has a strange metallic taste in his or A. Emergency care is required of all medical B. Emergency care is permitted only with the C. Emergency care is permitted when it is within D. Possible negligence is never a factor in providing 13) Which of the following is a possible treatment of A. Having the patient lower his or her head B. Laying the patient flat on the patient’s back with C. Loosening tight clothing and applying a cold 14) Skin contact with poisonous plants is characterized by Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. Itching B. Nausea C. Redness D. Rash E. Headache and fever 15) To treat frostbite, a medical assistant can A. Massage the affected area gently B. Rub the affected area with a warmed towel C. Keep the patient’s head and shoulders slightly D. Wash the area with soap and water E. Place warm clothing and blankets around the 16) When administering CPR, how many compressions A. 15 in 1 minute B. 20 in 1 minute C. 25 in 2 minutes D. 60 in 1 minute E. 30 in 2 minutes A. Occlusion in the brain by a thrombus B. Decreased cerebral blood flow C. Ingested poisons D. Hypocalcemia E. Hyperthermia 18) The Heimlich maneuver is used for which of the Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 19) In emergency childbirth, at what point should the A. When the infant is fully out B. Within 10 minutes of birth C. When the infant starts breathing D. When the mother and baby get to the hospital E. When the baby is ready to nurse 20) A characteristic of second-degree but not first-degree A. Redness B. Discoloration C. Development of blisters D. Swelling E. Pain 21) When a patient scraped his skin, he most likely got A. Incision B. Laceration C. Abrasion D. Puncture E. Bruise 22) Which of the following should not be done when a A. Have the patient lie on the back B. Apply heat to the patient’s abdomen C. Have the patient flex the knees D. Monitor the patient’s pulse Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel A. Administering glucose B. Giving the patient plain orange juice C. Loosening the patient’s restrictive clothing and D. Administering immunization as soon as possible E. None of the above 24) If a patient describes an aura before the onset of a severe headache, this is often a sign of A. CVA B. Migraine C. Hay fever D. Brain tumor E. Seizure A. Hemorrhage B. Allergic reaction C. Toxemia of pregnancy D. Cardiac arrest E. None of the above 26) A patient is obviously suffering with epistaxis, and the physician is unavailable. A medical assistant should A. Refer the patient to a specialist B. Send the patient to the nearest hospital C. Apply cold packs or cotton moistened with cold D. Have patient place the head between the knees E. Apply artificial respiration Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 27) When treating a second-degree burn, a medical A. Break blisters to relieve the patient’s pain B. Immerse the burned area in cold water C. Remove charred or adhered clothing D. Apply medical ointments to the affected area E. Apply a wet, sterile dressing 28) White, waxy, or grayish yellow skin that also feels crusty and softness in tissue beneath the skin could indicate A. Heatstroke B. Frostbite C. Contusion D. Hypothermia E. Shock 29) The most severe and major complication for burn A. Pain B. Anemia C. Infection D. Malignant fever E. Both B and C 30) In poisoning emergencies, the medical assistant should, in order to gather information for the Poison Center and treatment of the victim, determine A. What type of poison was taken B. When the poison was taken C. How much of the poison was taken D. Under what circumstances the poison was taken E. All of the above Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 31) Which is not a common symptom of a myocardial A. Nausea B. Angina C. Dyspnea D. Diaphoresis E. Polyuria 32) Which of the following should not be done by a A. Eat B. Take aspirin C. Take acetaminophen D. Rest E. Gradually resume normal activities A. Restless and confusion B. Cold, clammy skin C. Profuse sweating D. Rapid, weak pulse E. All of the above 34) The Good Samaritan law explicitly allows medical A. To administer first aid within the scope of their B. To call the EMS system and stay with the victim C. To act feely in an emergency situation to save D. To diagnose the patient at the scene of an Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel E. Only to call the EMS system and wait for authorized personnel but not to touch or communicate with an accident victim 35) An antihistamine that may be used to treat an A. Bactrim B. Motrin C. Benadryl D. Inderal E. Indorin 36) A temporary absence of respiration is A. Infiltration B. Apnea C. Dyspnea D. Hyperpnea E. Atelectasis 37) A wound that barely penetrates the skin is charted as A. Superior B. Superficial C. Proximal D. Distal E. Deep A. Fever B. Rash C. Toothaches D. Poison E. Acne Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel 39) If a patient is bleeding from the lower arm and direct pressure and elevation do not stop the bleeding, where should pressure be applied? A. Radial-ulnar artery B. Brachial artery C. Subclavian artery D. Carotid artery E. Phrenic artery 40) The first thing that should be done in an emergent situation involving an unconscious person is to A. Assess victim’s airway B. Control any bleeding C. Apply a tourniquet D. Call for help E. Give breaths Copyright 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel


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