Treatment of Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
Lower Respiratory T
Lower Respiratory T ract Infection
ract Infection
Exacerbation of Chronic
Common Pathogens
Common Pathogens
Antibiotics usually are not indicated. May consider for otherwise healthy patients with persistent cough (>10 d) and evidence of bacterial infection, and in patients with underlying pulmonary diseases such as Cephalosporins
cystic fibrosis or bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
200 - 400 mg PO twice a day x 10 - 14 days Macrolides
500 mg once a day x 3 days total dose 1.5 g once a day x 4 days (total course 5 days) 250 - 500 mg PO twice a day for 7 - 14 days Clarithromycin 250 - 500 mg PO twice a day x 7 - 14 days Quinolones
Mild: 500 mg PO twice a day x 7 - 14 days Severe: 750 mg PO twice a day x 7 - 14 days Pathogen Specific Therapy
Oseltamivir, Amantadine, Rimantidine, Zanamivir. 400 mg PO on day one, then 200 mg PO once Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Clarithromycin, Azithromycin, Penicillins
Fluoroquinolone, Doxycycline, Methacycline. Co-trimoxazole, Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, Erythromycin, Tetracycline, 500 mg PO three times a day x 10 - 14 days Cefuroxime, Cefotaxime, Ceftizoxime, Ceftriaxone, Cefuroxime axetil, Sulfonamides
Cefixime, Cefpodoxime, Fluoroquinolone, Clarithromycin, Azithromycin. Tetracycline, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Azithromycin, Tetracyclines
Erythromycin, Co-trimoxazole, Azithromycin, Clarithromycin.
Bronchiolitis treatment
Racemic epinephrine
Adult : 0.5mL diluted in 3 mL NS via nebulizer over 15 Pediatrics: 0.05 mL/kg diluted in 3 mL NS given via nebulizer over 15 min q1-2h 0.8 mg/kg/hour continuous aerosol administration for 12 - 18 hours/day x 3 - 7 days Infants: 20 mg/ml for 12 - 18 hours/day x 3 - 7 days. Pathogen Specific Therapy
Amoxicillin PO, Levofloxacin PO/IV, Gatifloxacin Ciprofloxacin PO/IV, Doxycycline PO/IV, Amoxicillin- PO/IV, Moxifloxacin PO, Cefotaxime IV, Cefuroxime Clavulanate PO, Azithromycin PO/IV, Clarithromycin PO/IV, Ceftriaxone IV, Cefpodoxime PO, Cefprozil PO. PO, Erythromycin PO/IV Clarithromycin PO, Doxycycline PO/IV, TMP-SMX Cefpodoxime, Cefprozil, Azithromycin, Cefotaxime, PO/IV, Levofloxacin PO/IV, Gatifloxacin PO/IV, Amoxicillin-Clavulanate PO, Cefuroxime axetile PO, Levofloxacin PO/IV, Gatifloxacin PO/IV, Moxifloxacin Cefpodoxime PO, Cefprozil PO, Azithromycin PO PO/IV, Doxycycline PO/IV, Erythromycin PO Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus: Penicillinase-resistant penicillin, Cephalosporin, Vancomycin, Amoxicillin-Clavulanic acid, Ticarcillin-Clavulanic acid, Piperacillin-Tazobactam, Ampicillin/sulbactam, Imipenem or Meropenem, Clindamycin, Fluoroquinolone, Penicillin G or V Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Vancomycin +/- gentamicin +/- rifampin, Cotrimoxazole, Fluoroquinolone, Minocycline. Less serious infection: Ciprofloxacin 500 mg PO twice a day. Serious infection: Ceftazidime 2 g IV 3 times a day, Cefepime 2 g IV twice a day, Piperacillin 4 g IV 6 times a day, Ticarcillin 3 - 4 g IV 4 times a day, Imipenem 500 - 1000 mg IV 4 times a day, Ciprofloxacin 400 mg IV 2 - 3 times a dayAztreonam 1 g IV 3 times a day. Any above plus: Gentamicin or Tobramycin 1.5 mg/kg IV 3 times a day or 57 mg IV once a day or Amikacin 7.5 mg/kg IV twice a day. Tetracycline, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Azithromycin, Fluoroquinolone.
; Pneumonia (Community Acquired, Hospital Acquired)


Abraçar a diversidade – 2 UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education As designações utilizadas e a apresentação do material ao longo da publicação não implicam, de modo algum, a expressão de qualquer opinião por parte da UNESCO sobre o estatuto jurídico de qualquer país, território, cidade ou área ou das suas autoridades ou sobre as suas fronteiras ou limites.

Microsoft word - the life of jesus an introduction.doc

These show how a passage is related to other parts of the Bible. To answer the questions most people ask when reading Scripture the “Quest Study Bible” is by far the best and for comments on the text and parallel scriptures I recommend “The NIV Study Bible”. “In the past, God spoke to our ancestors many times and in many ways / but in these last days He has spoken to us through

Copyright © 2010 Health Drug Pdf