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Dr. M. Ravishankar 47, 3rd Cross Thiru Nagar. Moolakulam Pondicherry 605 010 INDIA
Professor and Head, Dept. of Anaesthesiology Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute Pondicherry 607402, INDIA
Experience in Faculty Position:
1. Junior Anaesthetist (Specialist), Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 5.2.79 to
2. Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 13.2.1984 to
3. Fellowship in Paediatric Cardiac Anaesthesia in Liverpool from 11.10.1987 to
4. Associate Professor, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 26.10.1988 to 8.8.1993
5. Professor, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 9.8.1993 to May 1996.
6. Professor & Head, Dept. of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, JIPMER from May
7. Professor & Head, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College &
Research Institute, Pondicherry from 30.3 2005 till date.
8. Director, Medical simulation centre MGMCRI, Pondicherry.
Streamlined the working in cardio thoracic anaesthesia JIPMER, after return from
Instrumental in upgrading the department with Minimum Monitoring Standards equal
to the prescribed norms in USA in 1992 and maintained it for the last 12 years.
Established the Critical Care unit in JIPMER in 1995 and managed it for past 9 years.
Administrative control of more than 75 theatre staff and gas plant in JIPMER for the
Has been appointed as Expert member of Faculty selection committee in Sree Chitra
Tirunal Institute, Trivandrum and Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal.
Appointed by National Board as Inspector for accreditation of hospital, to train
Appointed as member of ethical committee for testing of ventilators in human beings
Member of Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) for formulating specifications for
Consultant for Designing Anaesthesia ventilator for Avasarala group.
Nominated as one of the ‘Board of Directors’ in Asia Ventilation Forum in Shanghai,
Member customer advisory board, GE, 2010.
Has been honoured with “Lifetime Achievement award for progress of anaesthesia in
India” by the British Association of Indian Anaesthetists in 2007.
Incharge of postgraduate training in JIPMER for past 14 years and has shown a 100
Post graduate examiner for past 14 years. Served as examiner for postgraduate degree
in Anaesthesia in the following universities
f. Rajiv Gandhi university of Health Sciences, Karnataka.
g. Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai.
In charge of Postgraduate training in Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research
1. List of Publications.
K. Chakravarthy, V. Seshagiri Rao, M. Ravishankar, P.S. Kanagaraj.
Anaesthetic management for excision of insulinoma. Indian Journal of
M. Ravishankar, R. Sriram, S. Jaganathan, P.R. Kangle. Epidural dose
requirements - Lignocaine. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1983, 31: 335-340.
P.R. Kangle, M. Ravishankar. Breathing systems: A revised classification.
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1988, 36: 120-124.
P.R. Kangle, M. Ravishankar . Curriculum planning in Anaesthesiology for
undergraduates medical students. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1988, 36:
M. Ravishankar, R. Dhanapathi. JIPMER Non-coaxial universal breathing
system. Bulletin of Jawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate Medical Education
& Research, Pondicherry. 1988, 9: 43-48.
S. Shorey and M. Ravishankar. Malfunctioning of disposable breathing
M. Ravishankar, B. Hemavathy, T. Somalatha - Convulsions under halothane
anaesthesia in children with congenital anomalies. Journal of
Anaesthesiology and Clinical Pharmacology. 1992, 8: 59-62.
M. Ravishankar, Somnath Chatterjee. Fractional utilisation of Fresh Gas by
Breathing systems without carbon-dioxide absorption (c). British Journal of
M. Peeyush, M. Ravishankar, C. Adithan, C. H. Sashindran. Altered
pharmacokinetics of lignocaine after epidural injection in Type II diabetics.
Europian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 1992, 43: 269-271.
M. Ravishankar, Parthasarasthy, S., Hemavathy, B, Saravanan, P, Asha
Oumachigi. Comparative evaluation of post-operative analgesia with
Tramadol and Pethidine following Caesarian section. Jour. of
Anaesthesiology and Clinical Pharmacology 1996, 12: 125-128.
M. Ravishankar, S. Parthasarathy, - Respiratory arrest after IV
metoclopramide (C) . Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 1996, 44: 362.
Pankaj Kundra, K. Deepalakshmi, M. Ravishankar. Preemptive Caudal
Bupivacaine and Morphine for Postoperative Analgesia in Children. Anesth.
B. Hemavathi, M. Ravishankar, D. Sethuraman et al., Anaesthesia for
Implantation of AICD Device – Initial Experience. J. Anaesth. Clin.
M. Ravishankar, S. Parthesarathy, P. Saravanan. Labour Analgesia. J.
Anaesth. Clin. Pharmacol. 1999; 15: 225-52 (Review Article)
S. Parthasarathy, B. Hemavathi, M. Ravishankar. Fibreoptic assessment of
position of laryngeal mask airway. J. Anaesth. Clin. Pharmacol. 1999; 15:
Kalyanaraman R, De Mello WF, Ravishankar M. Management of chest
injuries – a 5 year retrospective survey. Injury. 1998; 29(6):443-6.
Bhutia SG, Srinivasan K, Ananthakrishnan N, Jayanthi S, Ravishankar M.
Blood utilization in elective surgery – requirements, ordering and transfusion
practices. Natl Med J. India. 1997; 10(4): 164-8.
xviii) Vinukondaiah K, Ananthakrishnan N, Ravishankar M. Audit of operation
theatre utilization in general surgery. Natl Med J India. 2000 May-
Kundra P, Dey S, Ravishankar M. Role of dominant hand position during
external cardiac compression. Br J Anaesth. 2000 Apr;84(4):491-3.
Kundra P, Kutralam S, Ravishankar M. Local anaesthesia for awake
fibreoptic nasotracheal intubation. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2000
Ravishankar M, Kundra P, Agrawal K, Kutralam NS, Arun N, Vijaykumar
OP. Rigid nasendoscope with video camera system for intubation in infants
with Pierre-Robin sequence. Br J Anaesth. 2002 May;88(5):728-31.
Kundra P, Deepak R, Ravishankar M. Laryngeal mask insertion in children: a
rational approach. Paediatr Anaesth. 2003 Oct;13(8):685-90.
xxiii) Mathew PJ, Ravishankar M, Badhe A, Hemavathy B, Mathew JL. Comparison of
induction and recovery characteristics of intravenous midazolam and
thiopentone in paediatric halothane general anaesthesia. Acta Paediatr.
xxiv) Kundra P, Sujata N, Ravishankar M. Conventional tracheal tubes for
intubation through the intubating laryngeal mask airway. Anesth Analg.
Sudhakar S, Kundra P, Madhurima S, Ravishankar M. Unilateral bronchospasm
following interpleural analgesia with bupivacaine. Acta Anaesthesiol
xxvi) Roy K, Kundra P, Ravishankar M. Unusual foreign body airway obstruction
after laryngeal mask airway insertion. Anesth Analg. 2005 Jul;101(1):294-5.
xxvii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Outcome oriented perioperative care.
Indian journal of clinical practice 2005 vol 15;10:36-44
xxviii) Kundra P, Vasudevan A, Ravishankar M. Video assisted fiberoptic
intubation for temporomandibular ankylosis. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006
xxix) Kundra P, Sivashanmugam T, Ravishankar M. Effect of needle
insertion site on ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block in children.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2006 May; 50(5):622–6.
Kundra P, Khanna S, Habeebullah S, Ravishankar M. Manual
displacement of the uterus during Caesarean section. Anaesthesia.
xxxi) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Potassium ion and anaesthetic
implications. JOACP 2007 april 23 (2)129-144.
xxxii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. HIV and anaesthesia Indian Journal
xxxiii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Use of intrathecal ketamine in two
difficult cases. JOACP 2008; 24(1)102-103.
xxxiv) Sistla SC, Sibal AK, Ravishankar M. Intermittent wound perfusion for
postoperative pain relief following upper abdominal surgery: a
surgeon’s perspective. Pain Pract. 2009 Feb;9(1):65–70.
xxxv) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Acupuncture a preemptive analgesic
xxxvi) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M, Selvarajan S, Anbalagan T. Ketamine
and pulmonary edema, Report of 2 cases. Indian Journal of
xxxvii) Kundra P, Supraja N, Agrawal K, Ravishankar M. Flexible laryngeal
mask airway for cleft palate surgery in children: a randomized clinical
trial on efficacy and safety. Cleft Palate Craniofac. J. 2009
xxxviii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M, Selvarajan S, Anbalagan T. Ketamine
and pulmonary oedema-report of two cases. Indian J Anaesth. 2009
xxxix) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Tight bag. Indian J Anaesth. 2010
Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M, Aravindan U. Total radical
gastrectomy under continuous thoracic epidural anaesthesia. Indian J
Pusapati RN, Sivashanmugam T, Ravishankar M. Respiratory changes
during spinal anaesthesia for gynaecological laparoscopic surgery. J
Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2010 Oct;26(4):475–9.
Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Psedoinfarct in ECG in a case of
asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Asian Journal of Clinical Cardiology
xliii) Jahagirdar SM, Karthikeyan P, Ravishankar M. Acute airway
obstruction, an unusual presentation of vallecular cyst. Indian J
Charles MVP, Joseph NM, Easow JM, Ravishankar M. Invasive
pulmonary aspergillosis caused by Aspergillus Versicolor
in a patient
on mechanical ventilation. AMJ 2011; 4 (11): 632 – 34.
2. Research projects
Intrathecal fentanyl versus intrathecal fentanyl and Bupivacaine for labour
analgesia – A randomised prospective double blind study.
Proseal Laryngeal Mask Airway Insertion in patients with simulated
restricted neck mobility - Comparison between Gum-Elastic Bougie
Retention of CPR skills at 6months after brief reeducation at 2 months.
Comparison of Intrathecal Ropivacaine & Bupivacaine.
Comparison of Ultrasound guided and nerve stimulator guided
Effects of positive pressure ventilation with (or) without PEEP for
Audit of various communication practices in perioperative care among
Does Indian classical raga durga reduce perioperative anxiety: a
Audit of patient self expressed problems after cesarean delivery under
Comparison of efficacy of two subanaesthetic doses of ketamine in
allaying procedural discomfort during establishment of subarachnoid
Low dose fentanyl attenuates airway and circulatory reflexes during
emergence and extubation: a randomized control trial.
Determination of MAC intubation for Sevoflurane in children
Patient controlled conscious sedation under regional anaesthesia
Efficacy of Fentanyl in attenuation of cardiovascular response to intubation.
Influence of gender on postoperative morphine consumption while using
Assessment of Postoperative pain relief and recovery of respiratory function
after single dose of ketorolac, while using patient controlled intravenous
Morphine analgesia following upper abdominal surgeries.
xviii) Orotracheal intubation using Lightwand – A comparison with direct
Oral Midazolam as premedicant in paediatric patients – A placebo controlled
Evaluation of buprenorphine as a pre-anaesthetic medication in upper
Pharmacokinetics of lignocaine after epidural injection in diabetics.
Use of low dose ketamine for outpatient surgical procedures.
xxiii) Evaluation of post operative pain relief after lower abdominal and perinial
xxiv) Comparative study on the effect of oral Ranitidine premedication and plain
water administration on gastric volume and pH.
Identification of Central venous catheter tip position.
xxvi) Correlation between arterial and end tidal carbon-dioxide tension in healthy
xxvii) Effect of the different methods of identification of epidural space on quality
xxviii) Assessment of Enclosed Afferent reservoir system - Fresh Gas Flow
requirements during controlled ventilation .
xxix) Wound infiltration using Bupivacaine mixed with Dextran for post-operative
Evaluation of pressure Controlled Ventilation in critically ill patients.
xxxi) Predicting difficult Intubation - A comparative Double blind Randomized
study of two different clinical indicators.
xxxii) Prediction of alveolar halothane concentration while using low flow
techniques in the closed circle system. A comparison between lowe’s and
xxxiii) Maintenance of muscle relaxation during General anaesthesia with
continuous infusion of vecuronium bromide - A comparison with intermittent
xxxiv) Study of the effect of acute normovolemic Haemodilution on haemotological
profile and homologous blood requirement.
xxxv) Comparative study of three different clinical indicators for predicting difficult
intubation in normal looking individuals.
3. Orations Delivered
The 2nd Professor Vijayalakshmi Kamat Memorial Oration on “Safety in
JIPMER Alumini Oration in JSS on “Towards Improving Safety in
Faculty Oration of ‘Scientific & Academic Forum’ of Mahatma Gandhi
Medical College and Research Institute on “Quality Assurance in Anaesthetic
P N Thota Memorial Oration in Manipal on “Ensuring Quality in Anaesthetic
Dr. Phaneendranath Thota Memorial Oration on “Ensuring Quality in
Anaesthetic Care” in Kakinada on 28th October 2006.
Dr. Rajagopal memorial Oration in Chennai on “Blood conservation
strategies in major surgical procedures” in March 2002.
Dr. (Mrs) Iyer Memorial Oration in ISA Solapur on ‘Scope of Anaesthesia in
Dr. Francis Memorial Oration in Kerala State meet of ISA on “Newer Modes
4. Invited as Resource Person / Faculty in conference / workshop.
Delivered a lecture in the National conference of ISA, Mumbai 2011 on
“uptake and distribution of Inhaled anaesthetics”
Conducted 2 workshops on Depth of Anaesthesia and Gasman simulations to
understand the concepts of uptake and distribution on Inhaled anaesthetics, in
the National conference of ISA I Mumbai, Dec 2011.
Delivered a lecture on “Pharmacokinetics of inhaled anaesthetics” using the
Gasman simulations during the CME on Understanding Inhalational
Anaesthesia conducted in MGMCRI, Pondicherry in Sept 2011.
Conducted a series of 4 workshops in Ahmadabad, Chennai, Cochin and
Pondicherry on Depth of Anaesthesia and use of Gasman Software
simulation to understand the uptake and distribution of Inhaled Anaesthetics.
Delivered a Guest lecture on “Low flow anaesthesia” in the International
conference of SAARC AA in Bangalore in Aug 2011.
Conducted a workshop on “OR Safety” in the RACE 2011
Invited as a faculty to the CME sponsored by WFSA in Kumbakonam to
deliver a lecture on “Successful Laryngoscopy” in Jan 2011.
Invited as member of Customer Advisory Board of GE to National
conference of ISA in Lucknow in Dec 2010 to assess an Anaesthesia machine
and give feedback on the quality and features.
Invited as Faculty to deliver a Plenary lecture in the National conference if
Research Society of Anaesthesiology and Clinical Pharmacology on
“Towards improving safety in Anaesthetic Practice” in Oct 2010 in
Delivered a lecture on “Insight into the vaporizers” in the APCON 2010 in
Delivered a lecture on “Considerations during prolonged major abdominal
Delivered a lecture on “Low flow anaesthesia – Concepts and Practice” in the
National conference of ISA in Chennai in Dec 2009.
Attended the Board of Directors meeting of Asia Ventilation Forum in
Shanghai, China in June 2006 and presented a paper on advances in
Delivered a lecture on “Noninvasive Ventilation” in the state conference of
Guest lecture on “Safety in Anaesthesia Machines” in Race 2007
Conducted a workshop on “Advances in CPR training” based on 2005
Delivered a lecture on “Uptake and Distribution of Inhaled Anaesthetics” in
xviii) Delivered a guest lecture on “Scope and Safety of Anaesthesia in Present day
context” in RMMC, Chidambaram in connection with world Anaesthesia
Guest lecture on “Breathing system – Design and Function” in Race Feb
Delivered a Guest lecture on “Low cardiac output states – Anaesthetic
considerations” in the Tamilnadu state conference of ISA in July 2005.
Delivered a lecture on “Continuous Flow Anaestheia Machines” in South
Delivered a lecture on “Trouble shooting – Man and Machine” in Conference
on Mechanical ventilation conducted in Bangalore in July 2004.
xxiii) Jipmer Scientific society guest lecture on “Scope and safety of anaesthesia in
xxiv) Invited as a Guest faculty for the CME in Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai
to deliver lectures on “Anaesthesia Machine – Physics to Physical Check”
and “Case management of COPD and Asthma” in June 2004.
Invited as Faculty to conduct a workshop on “Anaesthesia machines and the
Expectations of consumers” to the AV ULCO executives in April 2004.
xxvi) Conducted a workshop on “Anaesthesia Machines and Safety features” in the
national conference of ISA in Bhuvaneshwer in Dec 2003.
xxvii) Delivered a Guest lecture on “Perioperative Neuromuscular Monitoring –
Current status” in the N ational conference of ISA in 2002.
xxviii) Conducted a workshop on “Neuromuscular monitoring” and a PG
symposium on “Physiology of neuromuscular transmission” in RACE 2002.
xxix) Delivered a lecture on “Laryngeal mask airway, What is new” in Race 2002.
Lecture on “Protocol for Crisis Management due to Machine failure” in CME
xxxi) Lecture on “Crisis management due to machine failure” delivered in South
xxxii) Talk on “Intraabdominal pressure monitoring” in the Critical care conference
xxxiii) Panelist in the discussion on “Withholding and withdrawal of life support” in
the critical care conference held in Bangalore in Jan 2001.
xxxiv) Guest lecture on “Pulmonary function tests and assessment of pulmonary
risk” delivered in Erode, in state branch meet in oct 2001.
xxxv) Talk on “Shock Resuscitation” in the Conference of Emergency Medicine at
xxxvi) Talk on “ Low Flow anaesthesia – Concepts of practice” at 4th SACA
Congress held at Chennai from 9th to 12th Sept.99
xxxvii) Talk on “Mechanics of Respiration” at the 47th National Conference of Indian
Society of Anaesthesiologists held at Cochin from 26.12.99 to 27.12.99
xxxviii) Talk on “Weaning – What is important” at the National Critical Care
Congress of ISCCM at Hyderabad from 17.1.2000 to 19.1.2000.
xxxix) Workshop on “Monitoring mechanics of respiration” at the 47th National
Conference of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists held at Cochin.
Workshop on “Basics of Ventilation” in Solapur in July 2000.
Lecture on “Basics Of Ventilation” and “Weaning from ventilator” in the
Critical Care Workshop in Calcutta, September 2000.
Anaesthesia ventilators - Delivered in the South zone conference of ISA held
xliii) Anaesthesia Machine - Delivered in the CME program of ISA Annual
Ventilatory strategies in Asthmatic patients - Delivered in the Annual
Conference of ISA in Hyderabad, Dec. 1996.
Basics of ventilation - delivered in the post conference workshop of the Third
National Critical Care Conference held in Madras, Jan. 1997.
Choosing a ventilator - Guest lecture delivered in the Third National Critical
Care Conference held in Madras, Jan. 1997.
xlvii) Intra operative management of Thoracic patients - delivered in the conference
of the Indian association of Cardiovascular Thoracic surgeons held in Ooty
xlviii) Complication in long term ventilation - delivered in the Conference of XIV
South Zone ISA Conference held in July 1997 at Thanjavur.
Evaluation of pressure controlled ventilation in critically ill patients -
presented in the Third National Critical Care conference held in Madras, Jan.
Sterilisation of the ICU Equipment - in the National CME of Paediatric
Critical Care at Chennai in October, 1998.
a. Member of the hospital stores purchase and utilisation monitoring committee
b. Member of the Recruitment rules review committee
e. Member of postgraduate curriculum committee
f. Administrative in-charge of the gas plant and operation theatre staff
Membership in professional organisations
g. Life member of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologist
h. Life member of Society of Anaesthesiologists and Clinical Pharmacologists.
i. Founder member of Indian society of Emergency Medicine.
j. Life member of Indian Society on Critical Care Medicine.
k. Life member of International Trauma, Anaesthesia, and Critical Care Society.
l. Past President of Indian society of Anaesthesiologists, Pondicherry branch.
Conferences and CME organised
m. Organising Chairman of the CME cum Workshop on “Understanding
Inhalational Anaesthesia – Virtual to Visual” in Sept 2011 in MGMCRI.
n. Organising Chairman of the CME cum Workshop on “Ultrasound in
Anaesthesiology and Critical Care” in Nov 2009 in MGMCRI, Pondicherry.
o. Organising Chairman of the CME cum Workshop on “understanding
Ventilators” in March 2008 in MGMCRI, Pondicherry.
p. Organising Chairman of the South Zone Conference of ISA in Aug 2006 in
q. Organising Chairman of “Anaesthesia CME 2003” for DNB students held on
r. Organising Chairman of the workshop on Ventilation held in Oct 2001.
s. Organising Secretary of the South zone Conference of ISA in Aug 1998.
t. Organising secretary of Anaesthesia Update 93, 3 day CME in Aug 1993.
u. Executive member of the South Zone conference in 1988.
v. Executive member in most of the surgical workshops and conferences held in
Teaching and training
w. Under graduate training – Involved in the CPR training of the Undergraduate
x. Undergraduate lectures 3 – 4 / year.
y. Teaching Undergraduates during their clinical posting for 15 days.
z. Postgraduate teaching – 3 days in a week.
aa. Postgraduate training – Every day in the Operation theatre.
Areas of interest
3. Anaesthesia for major surgical procedures.
Reliability of the Scoliosis Research Society-22 Patient Questionnaire (Italian version) in mild adolescent vertebral deformities M. MONTICONE 1, R. CARABALONA 2, S. NEGRINI 1 2 Aim. The reliability evaluation of the Italian version of 1ISICO (Italian Scientific Spine Institute), Milan, Italy the Scoliosis Research Society-22 Patient Questionnaire 2Unit of Functional Rehabil
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