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Dr. M. Ravishankar 47, 3rd Cross Thiru Nagar. Moolakulam Pondicherry 605 010 INDIA Professor and Head, Dept. of Anaesthesiology Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute Pondicherry 607402, INDIA Qualifications:

Experience in Faculty Position:

1. Junior Anaesthetist (Specialist), Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 5.2.79 to 2. Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 13.2.1984 to 3. Fellowship in Paediatric Cardiac Anaesthesia in Liverpool from 11.10.1987 to 4. Associate Professor, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 26.10.1988 to 8.8.1993 5. Professor, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, JIPMER from 9.8.1993 to May 1996. 6. Professor & Head, Dept. of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, JIPMER from May 7. Professor & Head, Dept. of Anaesthesiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Pondicherry from 30.3 2005 till date. 8. Director, Medical simulation centre MGMCRI, Pondicherry. Achievements (Administrative)

1. Streamlined the working in cardio thoracic anaesthesia JIPMER, after return from
2. Instrumental in upgrading the department with Minimum Monitoring Standards equal
to the prescribed norms in USA in 1992 and maintained it for the last 12 years. 3. Established the Critical Care unit in JIPMER in 1995 and managed it for past 9 years.
4. Administrative control of more than 75 theatre staff and gas plant in JIPMER for the
5. Has been appointed as Expert member of Faculty selection committee in Sree Chitra
Tirunal Institute, Trivandrum and Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal. 6. Appointed by National Board as Inspector for accreditation of hospital, to train
7. Appointed as member of ethical committee for testing of ventilators in human beings
8. Member of Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) for formulating specifications for
9. Consultant for Designing Anaesthesia ventilator for Avasarala group.
10. Nominated as one of the ‘Board of Directors’ in Asia Ventilation Forum in Shanghai,
11. Member customer advisory board, GE, 2010.
12. Has been honoured with “Lifetime Achievement award for progress of anaesthesia in
India” by the British Association of Indian Anaesthetists in 2007. Academic achievements

1. Incharge of postgraduate training in JIPMER for past 14 years and has shown a 100
2. Post graduate examiner for past 14 years. Served as examiner for postgraduate degree
in Anaesthesia in the following universities f. Rajiv Gandhi university of Health Sciences, Karnataka. g. Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai. 3. In charge of Postgraduate training in Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research
Research Experience
1. List of Publications.

K. Chakravarthy, V. Seshagiri Rao, M. Ravishankar, P.S. Kanagaraj. Anaesthetic management for excision of insulinoma. Indian Journal of M. Ravishankar, R. Sriram, S. Jaganathan, P.R. Kangle. Epidural dose requirements - Lignocaine. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1983, 31: 335-340. P.R. Kangle, M. Ravishankar. Breathing systems: A revised classification. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1988, 36: 120-124. P.R. Kangle, M. Ravishankar . Curriculum planning in Anaesthesiology for undergraduates medical students. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1988, 36: M. Ravishankar, R. Dhanapathi. JIPMER Non-coaxial universal breathing system. Bulletin of Jawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry. 1988, 9: 43-48. S. Shorey and M. Ravishankar. Malfunctioning of disposable breathing M. Ravishankar, B. Hemavathy, T. Somalatha - Convulsions under halothane anaesthesia in children with congenital anomalies. Journal of Anaesthesiology and Clinical Pharmacology. 1992, 8: 59-62. M. Ravishankar, Somnath Chatterjee. Fractional utilisation of Fresh Gas by Breathing systems without carbon-dioxide absorption (c). British Journal of M. Peeyush, M. Ravishankar, C. Adithan, C. H. Sashindran. Altered pharmacokinetics of lignocaine after epidural injection in Type II diabetics. Europian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 1992, 43: 269-271. M. Ravishankar, Parthasarasthy, S., Hemavathy, B, Saravanan, P, Asha Oumachigi. Comparative evaluation of post-operative analgesia with Tramadol and Pethidine following Caesarian section. Jour. of Anaesthesiology and Clinical Pharmacology 1996, 12: 125-128. M. Ravishankar, S. Parthasarathy, - Respiratory arrest after IV metoclopramide (C) . Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 1996, 44: 362. Pankaj Kundra, K. Deepalakshmi, M. Ravishankar. Preemptive Caudal Bupivacaine and Morphine for Postoperative Analgesia in Children. Anesth. B. Hemavathi, M. Ravishankar, D. Sethuraman et al., Anaesthesia for Implantation of AICD Device – Initial Experience. J. Anaesth. Clin. M. Ravishankar, S. Parthesarathy, P. Saravanan. Labour Analgesia. J. Anaesth. Clin. Pharmacol. 1999; 15: 225-52 (Review Article) S. Parthasarathy, B. Hemavathi, M. Ravishankar. Fibreoptic assessment of position of laryngeal mask airway. J. Anaesth. Clin. Pharmacol. 1999; 15: Kalyanaraman R, De Mello WF, Ravishankar M. Management of chest injuries – a 5 year retrospective survey. Injury. 1998; 29(6):443-6. Bhutia SG, Srinivasan K, Ananthakrishnan N, Jayanthi S, Ravishankar M. Blood utilization in elective surgery – requirements, ordering and transfusion practices. Natl Med J. India. 1997; 10(4): 164-8. xviii) Vinukondaiah K, Ananthakrishnan N, Ravishankar M. Audit of operation theatre utilization in general surgery. Natl Med J India. 2000 May- Kundra P, Dey S, Ravishankar M. Role of dominant hand position during external cardiac compression. Br J Anaesth. 2000 Apr;84(4):491-3. Kundra P, Kutralam S, Ravishankar M. Local anaesthesia for awake fibreoptic nasotracheal intubation. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2000 Ravishankar M, Kundra P, Agrawal K, Kutralam NS, Arun N, Vijaykumar OP. Rigid nasendoscope with video camera system for intubation in infants with Pierre-Robin sequence. Br J Anaesth. 2002 May;88(5):728-31. Kundra P, Deepak R, Ravishankar M. Laryngeal mask insertion in children: a rational approach. Paediatr Anaesth. 2003 Oct;13(8):685-90. xxiii) Mathew PJ, Ravishankar M, Badhe A, Hemavathy B, Mathew JL. Comparison of induction and recovery characteristics of intravenous midazolam and thiopentone in paediatric halothane general anaesthesia. Acta Paediatr. xxiv) Kundra P, Sujata N, Ravishankar M. Conventional tracheal tubes for intubation through the intubating laryngeal mask airway. Anesth Analg. Sudhakar S, Kundra P, Madhurima S, Ravishankar M. Unilateral bronchospasm following interpleural analgesia with bupivacaine. Acta Anaesthesiol xxvi) Roy K, Kundra P, Ravishankar M. Unusual foreign body airway obstruction after laryngeal mask airway insertion. Anesth Analg. 2005 Jul;101(1):294-5. xxvii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Outcome oriented perioperative care. Indian journal of clinical practice 2005 vol 15;10:36-44 xxviii) Kundra P, Vasudevan A, Ravishankar M. Video assisted fiberoptic intubation for temporomandibular ankylosis. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006 xxix) Kundra P, Sivashanmugam T, Ravishankar M. Effect of needle insertion site on ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block in children. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2006 May; 50(5):622–6. Kundra P, Khanna S, Habeebullah S, Ravishankar M. Manual displacement of the uterus during Caesarean section. Anaesthesia. xxxi) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Potassium ion and anaesthetic implications. JOACP 2007 april 23 (2)129-144. xxxii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. HIV and anaesthesia Indian Journal xxxiii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Use of intrathecal ketamine in two difficult cases. JOACP 2008; 24(1)102-103. xxxiv) Sistla SC, Sibal AK, Ravishankar M. Intermittent wound perfusion for postoperative pain relief following upper abdominal surgery: a surgeon’s perspective. Pain Pract. 2009 Feb;9(1):65–70. xxxv) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Acupuncture a preemptive analgesic xxxvi) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M, Selvarajan S, Anbalagan T. Ketamine and pulmonary edema, Report of 2 cases. Indian Journal of xxxvii) Kundra P, Supraja N, Agrawal K, Ravishankar M. Flexible laryngeal mask airway for cleft palate surgery in children: a randomized clinical trial on efficacy and safety. Cleft Palate Craniofac. J. 2009 xxxviii) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M, Selvarajan S, Anbalagan T. Ketamine and pulmonary oedema-report of two cases. Indian J Anaesth. 2009 xxxix) Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Tight bag. Indian J Anaesth. 2010 Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M, Aravindan U. Total radical gastrectomy under continuous thoracic epidural anaesthesia. Indian J Pusapati RN, Sivashanmugam T, Ravishankar M. Respiratory changes during spinal anaesthesia for gynaecological laparoscopic surgery. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2010 Oct;26(4):475–9. Parthasarathy S, Ravishankar M. Psedoinfarct in ECG in a case of asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Asian Journal of Clinical Cardiology xliii) Jahagirdar SM, Karthikeyan P, Ravishankar M. Acute airway obstruction, an unusual presentation of vallecular cyst. Indian J Charles MVP, Joseph NM, Easow JM, Ravishankar M. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis caused by Aspergillus Versicolor in a patient on mechanical ventilation. AMJ 2011; 4 (11): 632 – 34. 2. Research projects
Intrathecal fentanyl versus intrathecal fentanyl and Bupivacaine for labour analgesia – A randomised prospective double blind study. Proseal Laryngeal Mask Airway Insertion in patients with simulated restricted neck mobility - Comparison between Gum-Elastic Bougie Retention of CPR skills at 6months after brief reeducation at 2 months. Comparison of Intrathecal Ropivacaine & Bupivacaine. Comparison of Ultrasound guided and nerve stimulator guided Effects of positive pressure ventilation with (or) without PEEP for Audit of various communication practices in perioperative care among Does Indian classical raga durga reduce perioperative anxiety: a Audit of patient self expressed problems after cesarean delivery under Comparison of efficacy of two subanaesthetic doses of ketamine in allaying procedural discomfort during establishment of subarachnoid Low dose fentanyl attenuates airway and circulatory reflexes during emergence and extubation: a randomized control trial. Determination of MAC intubation for Sevoflurane in children Patient controlled conscious sedation under regional anaesthesia Efficacy of Fentanyl in attenuation of cardiovascular response to intubation. Influence of gender on postoperative morphine consumption while using Assessment of Postoperative pain relief and recovery of respiratory function after single dose of ketorolac, while using patient controlled intravenous Morphine analgesia following upper abdominal surgeries. xviii) Orotracheal intubation using Lightwand – A comparison with direct Oral Midazolam as premedicant in paediatric patients – A placebo controlled Evaluation of buprenorphine as a pre-anaesthetic medication in upper Pharmacokinetics of lignocaine after epidural injection in diabetics. Use of low dose ketamine for outpatient surgical procedures. xxiii) Evaluation of post operative pain relief after lower abdominal and perinial xxiv) Comparative study on the effect of oral Ranitidine premedication and plain water administration on gastric volume and pH. Identification of Central venous catheter tip position. xxvi) Correlation between arterial and end tidal carbon-dioxide tension in healthy xxvii) Effect of the different methods of identification of epidural space on quality xxviii) Assessment of Enclosed Afferent reservoir system - Fresh Gas Flow requirements during controlled ventilation . xxix) Wound infiltration using Bupivacaine mixed with Dextran for post-operative Evaluation of pressure Controlled Ventilation in critically ill patients. xxxi) Predicting difficult Intubation - A comparative Double blind Randomized study of two different clinical indicators. xxxii) Prediction of alveolar halothane concentration while using low flow techniques in the closed circle system. A comparison between lowe’s and xxxiii) Maintenance of muscle relaxation during General anaesthesia with continuous infusion of vecuronium bromide - A comparison with intermittent xxxiv) Study of the effect of acute normovolemic Haemodilution on haemotological profile and homologous blood requirement. xxxv) Comparative study of three different clinical indicators for predicting difficult intubation in normal looking individuals. 3. Orations Delivered
The 2nd Professor Vijayalakshmi Kamat Memorial Oration on “Safety in JIPMER Alumini Oration in JSS on “Towards Improving Safety in Faculty Oration of ‘Scientific & Academic Forum’ of Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute on “Quality Assurance in Anaesthetic P N Thota Memorial Oration in Manipal on “Ensuring Quality in Anaesthetic Dr. Phaneendranath Thota Memorial Oration on “Ensuring Quality in Anaesthetic Care” in Kakinada on 28th October 2006. Dr. Rajagopal memorial Oration in Chennai on “Blood conservation strategies in major surgical procedures” in March 2002. Dr. (Mrs) Iyer Memorial Oration in ISA Solapur on ‘Scope of Anaesthesia in Dr. Francis Memorial Oration in Kerala State meet of ISA on “Newer Modes 4. Invited as Resource Person / Faculty in conference / workshop.
Delivered a lecture in the National conference of ISA, Mumbai 2011 on “uptake and distribution of Inhaled anaesthetics” Conducted 2 workshops on Depth of Anaesthesia and Gasman simulations to understand the concepts of uptake and distribution on Inhaled anaesthetics, in the National conference of ISA I Mumbai, Dec 2011. Delivered a lecture on “Pharmacokinetics of inhaled anaesthetics” using the Gasman simulations during the CME on Understanding Inhalational Anaesthesia conducted in MGMCRI, Pondicherry in Sept 2011. Conducted a series of 4 workshops in Ahmadabad, Chennai, Cochin and Pondicherry on Depth of Anaesthesia and use of Gasman Software simulation to understand the uptake and distribution of Inhaled Anaesthetics. Delivered a Guest lecture on “Low flow anaesthesia” in the International conference of SAARC AA in Bangalore in Aug 2011. Conducted a workshop on “OR Safety” in the RACE 2011 Invited as a faculty to the CME sponsored by WFSA in Kumbakonam to deliver a lecture on “Successful Laryngoscopy” in Jan 2011. Invited as member of Customer Advisory Board of GE to National conference of ISA in Lucknow in Dec 2010 to assess an Anaesthesia machine and give feedback on the quality and features. Invited as Faculty to deliver a Plenary lecture in the National conference if Research Society of Anaesthesiology and Clinical Pharmacology on “Towards improving safety in Anaesthetic Practice” in Oct 2010 in Delivered a lecture on “Insight into the vaporizers” in the APCON 2010 in Delivered a lecture on “Considerations during prolonged major abdominal Delivered a lecture on “Low flow anaesthesia – Concepts and Practice” in the National conference of ISA in Chennai in Dec 2009. Attended the Board of Directors meeting of Asia Ventilation Forum in Shanghai, China in June 2006 and presented a paper on advances in Delivered a lecture on “Noninvasive Ventilation” in the state conference of Guest lecture on “Safety in Anaesthesia Machines” in Race 2007 Conducted a workshop on “Advances in CPR training” based on 2005 Delivered a lecture on “Uptake and Distribution of Inhaled Anaesthetics” in xviii) Delivered a guest lecture on “Scope and Safety of Anaesthesia in Present day context” in RMMC, Chidambaram in connection with world Anaesthesia Guest lecture on “Breathing system – Design and Function” in Race Feb Delivered a Guest lecture on “Low cardiac output states – Anaesthetic considerations” in the Tamilnadu state conference of ISA in July 2005. Delivered a lecture on “Continuous Flow Anaestheia Machines” in South Delivered a lecture on “Trouble shooting – Man and Machine” in Conference on Mechanical ventilation conducted in Bangalore in July 2004. xxiii) Jipmer Scientific society guest lecture on “Scope and safety of anaesthesia in xxiv) Invited as a Guest faculty for the CME in Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai to deliver lectures on “Anaesthesia Machine – Physics to Physical Check” and “Case management of COPD and Asthma” in June 2004. Invited as Faculty to conduct a workshop on “Anaesthesia machines and the Expectations of consumers” to the AV ULCO executives in April 2004. xxvi) Conducted a workshop on “Anaesthesia Machines and Safety features” in the national conference of ISA in Bhuvaneshwer in Dec 2003. xxvii) Delivered a Guest lecture on “Perioperative Neuromuscular Monitoring – Current status” in the N ational conference of ISA in 2002. xxviii) Conducted a workshop on “Neuromuscular monitoring” and a PG symposium on “Physiology of neuromuscular transmission” in RACE 2002. xxix) Delivered a lecture on “Laryngeal mask airway, What is new” in Race 2002. Lecture on “Protocol for Crisis Management due to Machine failure” in CME xxxi) Lecture on “Crisis management due to machine failure” delivered in South xxxii) Talk on “Intraabdominal pressure monitoring” in the Critical care conference xxxiii) Panelist in the discussion on “Withholding and withdrawal of life support” in the critical care conference held in Bangalore in Jan 2001. xxxiv) Guest lecture on “Pulmonary function tests and assessment of pulmonary risk” delivered in Erode, in state branch meet in oct 2001. xxxv) Talk on “Shock Resuscitation” in the Conference of Emergency Medicine at xxxvi) Talk on “ Low Flow anaesthesia – Concepts of practice” at 4th SACA Congress held at Chennai from 9th to 12th Sept.99 xxxvii) Talk on “Mechanics of Respiration” at the 47th National Conference of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists held at Cochin from 26.12.99 to 27.12.99 xxxviii) Talk on “Weaning – What is important” at the National Critical Care Congress of ISCCM at Hyderabad from 17.1.2000 to 19.1.2000. xxxix) Workshop on “Monitoring mechanics of respiration” at the 47th National Conference of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists held at Cochin. Workshop on “Basics of Ventilation” in Solapur in July 2000. Lecture on “Basics Of Ventilation” and “Weaning from ventilator” in the Critical Care Workshop in Calcutta, September 2000. Anaesthesia ventilators - Delivered in the South zone conference of ISA held xliii) Anaesthesia Machine - Delivered in the CME program of ISA Annual Ventilatory strategies in Asthmatic patients - Delivered in the Annual Conference of ISA in Hyderabad, Dec. 1996. Basics of ventilation - delivered in the post conference workshop of the Third National Critical Care Conference held in Madras, Jan. 1997. Choosing a ventilator - Guest lecture delivered in the Third National Critical Care Conference held in Madras, Jan. 1997. xlvii) Intra operative management of Thoracic patients - delivered in the conference of the Indian association of Cardiovascular Thoracic surgeons held in Ooty xlviii) Complication in long term ventilation - delivered in the Conference of XIV South Zone ISA Conference held in July 1997 at Thanjavur. Evaluation of pressure controlled ventilation in critically ill patients - presented in the Third National Critical Care conference held in Madras, Jan. Sterilisation of the ICU Equipment - in the National CME of Paediatric Critical Care at Chennai in October, 1998. Administrative responsibilities
a. Member of the hospital stores purchase and utilisation monitoring committee b. Member of the Recruitment rules review committee e. Member of postgraduate curriculum committee f. Administrative in-charge of the gas plant and operation theatre staff Membership in professional organisations
g. Life member of Indian Society of Anaesthesiologist h. Life member of Society of Anaesthesiologists and Clinical Pharmacologists. i. Founder member of Indian society of Emergency Medicine. j. Life member of Indian Society on Critical Care Medicine. k. Life member of International Trauma, Anaesthesia, and Critical Care Society. l. Past President of Indian society of Anaesthesiologists, Pondicherry branch. Conferences and CME organised
m. Organising Chairman of the CME cum Workshop on “Understanding Inhalational Anaesthesia – Virtual to Visual” in Sept 2011 in MGMCRI. n. Organising Chairman of the CME cum Workshop on “Ultrasound in Anaesthesiology and Critical Care” in Nov 2009 in MGMCRI, Pondicherry. o. Organising Chairman of the CME cum Workshop on “understanding Ventilators” in March 2008 in MGMCRI, Pondicherry. p. Organising Chairman of the South Zone Conference of ISA in Aug 2006 in q. Organising Chairman of “Anaesthesia CME 2003” for DNB students held on r. Organising Chairman of the workshop on Ventilation held in Oct 2001. s. Organising Secretary of the South zone Conference of ISA in Aug 1998. t. Organising secretary of Anaesthesia Update 93, 3 day CME in Aug 1993. u. Executive member of the South Zone conference in 1988. v. Executive member in most of the surgical workshops and conferences held in Teaching and training
w. Under graduate training – Involved in the CPR training of the Undergraduate x. Undergraduate lectures 3 – 4 / year. y. Teaching Undergraduates during their clinical posting for 15 days. z. Postgraduate teaching – 3 days in a week. aa. Postgraduate training – Every day in the Operation theatre. Areas of interest
3. Anaesthesia for major surgical procedures.


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