Deutsch Website, wo Sie Qualität und günstige https://medikamenterezeptfrei2014.com/ Viagra Lieferung weltweit erwerben.
Ein wenig Kopfschmerzen, aber schnell verging der Schmerz. Gefühle, die ich erlebte ein unvergessliches kamagra kaufen Ehrlich gesagt nicht wirklich glauben, in der Kraft Viagra. Setzte nach der Anleitung. Das Ergebnis ist natürlich, sich selbst rechtfertigte.
DIPLOMA IN AYURVEDIC PHARMACY
DIPLOMA IN AYURVEDIC PHARMACY
The course is intended to train personnel mainly for meeting requirements of consumer sector of Ayurvedic
drugs. They will be acquainted with the manufacturing of Ayurvedic drugs and will be qualified and competent persons to dispense Ayurvedic drugs in hospitals, dispensaries drugs stores and related activities. They will also be trained to maintaining stores of Ayurvedic drugs (both raw materials and finished products) properly. Duration of Course
Sl. Paper Code No Subject Teaching Hrs Theory
Sl. Paper Code No Subject
AYURVED SIDDHANT EVAM ITIHAAS
(Basic Principles and History of Ayurveda)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The diploma students are coming fresh from 10th schooling. Therefore, they are required to be given basic understanding about what are Ayurveda and the fundamental and basic principles on which it stands. The students should know the history of Ayurveda and its development. The syllabus of this paper covers the above aspects.
Ashtanga Ayurved – The eight specialized branches of Ayurveda, concept and definition.
Ayurvediya Padarth Vigyan and its importance. Characteristics and classification of Padarth.
Dravyaguna Vigyaniyam, characteristics, number and classification of dravyas. The characteristics,
qualities (gunnas) and origin of Panchamahabhutas and their mutual micro-merging (Paraspara
Applied studies of dravyas from Ayurvedic perspective.
Characteristics of Dik, Kala, Atma and Mana.
Guna Vigyaniyam : characteristics and types of Gunas as gurvadi guna, adhyatmika guna, vaisheshika
Karma vigyaniyam : characteristics and types of Karmas.
Saamanya, Vishesha, Samvaya Vigyaniyam – characteristics and types.
Pramaana vigyaniyam : characteristics, importance and number of Pramaana. The Pramaanas accepted by
Ayurveda–Pratyaksha. Anumaana, Aptopdesha and Yukti Pramaanas.
Effect and causative factor (Karya, Karana Bhava) : Description of Karya–Karana Bhava and various
Vaadas. Features of cause (Kaarana) and types. Description of samavayi, asamavayi and nimitta karana in
Ayurved. Satkaryavad, Asatkarya vada, Parmanu vada, Pilupaka, Pitharapaka etc.
The advent of Ayurveda (Ayurvedavatarana) : The Atreya (Charaka Samhita) and the Dhanvantari
(Sushruta Samhita) traditions of Ayurveda.
Development of Ayrvediya Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana.
Propagation of Ayurveda in foreign countries.
DAP 120: SHARIR RACHANA
2 Hours Practicals Practical: 100 Marks
Definition of Shaariram, its derivation, meaning, synonym and Interpretation.
Shadang Sharira: Six regions of Body, organs of abdomen, their names and description.
Asthi sharira: Number and types of bones according to Sushrut and Modern Science.
Sandhi sharira: Number and types of joints with examples according to Sushrut.
Koshtha & Ashaya sharira: Define Koshtha and enumerate the koshthangs and ashayas in the body.
Peshi sharira: Definition of Peshi and their importance in the body.
Shira, Dhamani & Srotas sharira: srotas, sira, dhamani are similar structures what is the difference between
Definition of srotas, its derivation and number, names and importance.
Structure of eye, ear, brain, heart, pancreas, gall-bladder, spleen.
Garbha sharira – foetal anatomy-shukra & artava’s qualities qualifying them as pure & competent for
Morphological and physiological changes in the embryo during nine months in the womb.
Indriya vigyan sharira: Sensory organs and their locations and nerves concerned with each.
Twak sharira: layers of skin, their names according to Sushrut and modern science.
Organs participating in the digestion process in the Alimentary canal.
The anatomical description of organs of urinary system.
Kala sharira: Definition and names of kala according to Sushruta.
Describe in detail the vertebrae of vertebral column.
12 pranas, 10 pranayatana, 3 pradhaanmarmani, 15 koshthagni.
Description of Hridayam according to Sushruta and its importance and functions in health.
Description of Yakrita, its importance and functions according to modern science.
DAP 130: DRAVYAGUNA VIGYAN–I
Time: 3 Hours Theory Practical 2 Hours
Theory : 100 Marks Practical : 100 Marks Theory
Definition of Dravyaguna Vigyan and its importance.
Definition of Dravya and its importance.
Definition of Rasa, types and Panchbhautic composition of Rasa.
Definition, types and importance of Gunas, Vipaka, Veerya, Prabhav.
Deepan, Paachan, Graahi, stambhan, Bhedan, Rechan, Anuloman, Sramsana, Samshodhana, Rasayana,
Triphala, Madhurtriphala, Sugandhatriphala, Swalptriphala, Trijatake, Chaturjata, Trikatu, Trimada,
Panchkola, Shadushan, Panchawalkala, Chathurshana, Trikantaka, Panchapallav, Laghu Panchamool, Brihad Panchmoola, Vallipanchmoola, Trinpanchmoola, Ashtavarga.
Classification of Drugs according to Ayurvedic principles.
Study of following drugs including Classification, Latin name. Family, Vernacular name, Synonyms,
Botanical description, Varities. Habitat, Chemical composition, Properties, Doshakarm, Actions. Uses, Parts used : Dosage, Formulations, Substitute and Adulteration.
Preparation of Herbarium Sheets of 25 drugs.
Description and identification of at least 30 important drugs mentioned in the theory.
DAP 140: RASA SHASTRA AND BHAISHJYA KALPANA-I
AIMS & OBJECTIVES
Students taking up diploma course in Ayurvedic Pharmacy must have basic knowledge of Rasa Shastra and
Bhaishjya Kalpana an ancient science of alchemy. They must know the classical methods and principles involved in the manufacturing of different Ayurvedic formulations and should also get the practical training of preparing these drugs. They must also know the basic concepts of manufacturing, storage, preservation and dispensing of Ayurvedic drugs.
The syllabus of diploma course includes these aspects of teaching and training.
SECTION – I RASA SHASTRA
1. Definition of Rasa Shastra, importance in Ayurveda and brief history of Rasa Shastra, its relevance in vedic
era, Ayurvedic literature and in Modern science.
2. Define (Pribhashas) Shodhana, Sanskar, Marana, Satvapatan, Nirvap, Avap, Dhanvantaribhag, Rudrabhag,
kajjali, Patanpisht, Dhanyabhrak, Bubhukshitparad, Hinguloth Parad.
3. Parada – Its synonyms, origin, its impurities, gatis, Samanya – Vishesh Shodhana, Shudh parad lakshana
paradiya Kalpnana – Kajjali, Parpati, Pottali, Kuppipakva rasayana and Kharliya Rasayana.
4. Brief descriptions of Yantra, puta and Musha, Yantra – Dolayantra. Vidyadhar yantra, Taptakhalva yantra, 5. Musha – Samanya, Vajra, Vajradravani, Yog, Gar, Var, Varnya, Ropya. Bid, Gostani, Vrintaak, Gol, Malla,
6. Classicification of drugs in Rasa Shastra. 7. Maharasas – their synonyms, indentification, types impurities shodhana, Marana, therapeutic doses and
compound formulations, side effects and its antidote.
3. .Abragarbha pottali 4. Hemagarbha pottali
SECTION - II: BHAISHJYA KALPANA
1. Definition of Bhaishaja – Bhaishjya kalapna and its brief history in vedas Ayurvedic samhitas and in
2. Paribhashas – Deepana, Paachana, Rasayana, Vajikarna, Stambhana, Stransana, Virechak, Vamana. 3. Maana Paribhasha according to Sharangdhar samhita. 4. Panchavidha kashaya kalpna, their method of preparation and their uses. 5. Preparation methods of Avaleha Kalpana, Churna, Vati, Guggula Kalpana. 6. Aushadh Yoga: 1.Dashamool Kwath
Their composition, properties and uses.
Preparation of at least 20 yogas (formulations) from Rasa Shastra and Bhaishjya Kalpana, including purification processes.
DAP 150: PRATHAMIK UPACHAR EVAM RUGNA PARICHARYA
Swasthasyalakshnam, Swasthya swarupam, swasthsya rakshanartham. Upachar Dincharya, Ratricharya, Ritucharya,
Rituwanusaren, Ahara swarupam, Nivas sthan vichar, Ahara vidhi vishesayatanani, paraspara viruddha dravya
gunam Peyadravya vishesh, Anupan vichar, Niwas sthan, udyoga sthan, krida sthan, siksha sthan, Paniyajalasthan.
Aramgnna, Jalapan griha, Manovinod sthaladinam niyojana, Aaudogika sadvrita samanye sadurita.
Satmya satmya vichar, Shuchitvam, Vaidya guna, Chikitsalaya Bhesajya nirman Garadisu cha. Shuchitvavivek,
asuchan, Bhutanma, Kitadinamacy pravesha.
Tatjanya vikriti vigyanam, tannivarkopaya prati Rodhakapaya.
Sankramak Roga Gyanam, Tanpodwanshakarnam, Teshma viwarnopaya.
Vayu, Tala, Kala, Deshashacha, Tesham Durtih Tanniwarnopaya.
Vegan dharniyadharniyam Vivek, Kitpatangadinam, Jiwanaitiham, Masak.
Makshika, Pipalikadi, Sansargatah, Roghvishesha, Tesham manavdeho raktagatam chatra gatam vaishamyam.
Sankramak roga prasarasheha, prasangat Gatra sansparsati, Nihswarat, Sah Bhojanat, Ekasayyashat.
Gandhamalyadi, sam parkaccho psarga Rogah
Teshaam vishistam vigyanam tanni Rodhak & Niwarnabhu tascha Bhavah
DAP 210: DRAVYAGUNA VIGYAN – II
Time: 3 Hours Theory
Brief History of the Science of Drvayaguna Shastra.
Concept of Rasa, Guna, Veerya, Vipak and Prabhava.
Collection Storage and Preservation of Drugs.
Various impurities of Drugs, methods of Purification of Drugs.
Ayurvedic concept of pharmaclogical actions of drugs like, Rasayan, Vajikarana, Medhya, Vyavayi,
Vikasi, Pramathi, Madkari, Anulomana, Chhedna.
Characteristic functions of Samanyapratyarabdha and Vichitra pratyarabdha.
Knowledge, properties, effect and uses of following drugs of Animal origin : Kasturi, Gorochan, Prawal,
Mukta, Shankh, Shambook, Varatika, Shukti, Mrig shringa.
Chaturbeeja, Kantakpanchmoola, Panchkshiri vriksha, Panchpallava, Shadanga paneeya,
Study of following drugs including classification, Latin name, Family, Vernacular name, Synonyms,
Botanical description, Varities, Habitat, Chemical composition, Properties, Doshakarm, Actions and
Uses, Part used, Dosage, Formulation, Substitutes and Adulterants.
Preparation of Herbarium sheets of 50 drugs.
Descripition and identification of at least 30 important drugs mentioned in the theory.
DAP 220: RASA SHASTRA AND BHAISHJYA KALPANA–II
Section – I Rasa Shastra 50 Marks
1. Principles of Shodhana, Marana and Jarana of Metals & Minerals.
2. Introduction, identification, types, impurities, shodhana, marana, therapeutic dose, adverse effects and
antidotes of Uparasas, Sadharan Rasa, Dhatu and Ratna.
3. Introduction, shodhana, therapeutic dose, antidotes, toxicity of visha-upavisha varga.
4. Preparation of several Ayurvedic formulations like Bhasma, Sindooras, Netrabindu, Varti & Rasa
Section – II Bhaishajya Kalpana 50 Marks
1. Preparatory methods of Sneha Kalpana and Sandhan Kalpana.
2. Definition and application of Bhojana, Bhavana, Samskara, Mardana.
3. Preparatory methods of satva, Ghan Kalpana, Kshar Nirmana, Malhar Kalpana.
4. Preparation of several Ayurvedic formulations : Asavas, Arishtha, Taila, Ghrita, etc.
Their compositions, properties and uses.
Preparation of at least 30 yoga (Formulations) of different kalpanas.
DAP 230: AYURVED PARICHAY INCLUDING ROGA NIDAN EVAM
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The main aim of the section on Ayurveda Parichaya is to introduce the subject of Ayurveda as a whole so
that the students become familiar with the various important terminologies and subjects of Ayurveda.
Students taking up Diploma course in Ayurved Pharmacy must have basic knowledge of Roga Nidan and
basic concepts of onset of disease. These students must have some knowledge of the effect of drugs in human body in specific physiological or pathological conditions that is during normal or disturbed Doshas, Dhatus, Srotasa and its related conditions.
• Definition of Ayurveda as science of life.
• Brief introduction of Ashtang Ayurveda, Ayurveda Utpatti and Vikas.
• Important literary works, especially texts – Brihattrayi & Laghutrayi.
• Panchakarma, Kriyakalpa, Agnikarma, Kshara Karma etc. Special therapeutic procedures – brief
• Aushadha, Ahara, Aushadha sevana kala, Anupana, Anupana & Sahapana, Pathya- Apathya.
• Clinical importance of Chikitsa Chatuspada, Tridosha, Dhatu, Mala, Siddhanta.
• Definition and importance of Roga Vignan and Vikruti Vignan.
• Signs and symptoms of the increase and decrease of Doshas, Dhatu and Malas.
• The importance of srotasa in the production of diseases.
• The determination of the disorders of srotasa.
• The causes and signs and symptoms of the vitiation of srotasa.
• The causes of the diseases of the different srotasa.
• Definition, General discussion and types of Vyadhi (disease).
• Astha mahagada (major disease) and astha nindita (condemned).
• General description and importance of Nidana - panchaka.
• Trividha Rogi pariksha vidhi (Darshana etc. three types of Methodology of investigating a patient).
• Signs, Symptoms and diseases of ojovyapata, ojokshaya and ojochyuti.
• General description of Janapadodhvamasaka vyadhi (Epidemics) and Aupsargika Roga and Sansargaja
Roga (Infectious and communicable diseases).
DAP 240: AYURVEDIC PHARMACEUTICS INCLUDING HOSPITAL AND
Introduction to Pharmacopoeias with special reference to the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.
Metrology – Systems of Weight and measures.
Sterilization – Concept of Sterilization and its types.
Brief introuduction to processing of tablets, capsules, syrups, etc.
Prescriptions – Reading and understanding of prescriptions, Latin terms commonly used Modern methods of prescribing, adoption of metric system. Calculations involved in dispensing. Incompatibilites in Prescriptions.
Brief introduction to semi–solid form like ointment etc.
Brief introduction to sterile Dosage form with special reference to precautions in their handling and storage.
Dispensing Pharmacy in OPD/IPD for two days in a week.
To prescribe and distribute drugs for at least 15 different diseases.
To identfiy and note the organoleptic characters and uses of at least 50 yogas seen in the OPD/IPD.
Benttleys Text – book of pharmaceutics – Rawlins.
Coper and Gunn’s Dispensing for pharmaceutical students Carter.
Pharmaceutical Arithmetic and Lating–Schroff and Srivastava.
DAP 250: KRIYA SHARIRA
Five types of vata, their names, locations and functions in health.
Five types of pitta, their names, locations and functions in health.
Five types of kapha their names, locations and functions in health.
Dehprakriti, types of dosha prakritis and characterisitics of vata, pitta and kapha dominant person.
Rashi purusha and its components according to ayurveda.
Names of seven Dhatus, upadahtus and their nutrition from digested essence of the food.
Description of Agni and complete process of the digestion of Food. (Ahara paka kriya and avastha paka Kriya).
The nutrition of sevedhatus as explained by kshirdadhinyaya, kedarikulya nyayand khalekapota nyaya (Theories).
Definition, production types qualities and importance of Ojas and bala.
Concept of mind, it number, functions and role in health.
The description of blood according to Ayurved and modern science.
The process of recognition–Gnanotpatti–according to charak.
Endocrine glands, their name, location and fuctions in health.
Composition of blood functions of blood elements. Blood group and coagulation of blood. Brief information regarding disorders of blood.
DAP 260: SELECTED TOPICS IN PHARMACY
Drug’s store establishment and management of Pharmacy stores.
Dental endosseous implants in the medically compromised patient. Eastman Dental Institute, University College London, London, UK. email@example.com Abstract The literature contains numerous observations on the significance of systemic disorders as contraindications to dental endosseous implant treatment, but the justification for these statements is often apparently allegorical
What popped into your mind when you first readsome sense, the nation’s purchasing power has increasedbecause of the availability of those pills. that, too. But as a typical, fun-loving economist I alsoYet the numbers you see on real G.D.P. don’t reflectfound myself wondering how the Commerce Departmentthat increase — and they never will. Eventually Viagrawould account for the wonder