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Overview of hbips core measure set

NRI’s Behavioral Healthcare Performance Measurement System
Using Data, Changing Practice ® to improve the lives of consumers
OVERVIEW OF HBIPS CORE MEASURE SET

The final specifications for the Hospital Based Psychiatric Inpatient Services
(HBIPS) core set were released by The Joint Commission on May 30, 2008
with an optional start date of October 1, 2008, and became mandatory for
free-standing psychiatric hospitals January 2011. The Centers for Medicare
and Medicaid Services include the HBIPS set in the Inpatient Psychiatric
Facility Quality Reporting Program. The original rationales as provided by The
Joint Commission are provided below.
HBIPS 1: Initial Screening
Definition: Percent of clients discharged that were screened by the 3rd day
HBIPS-1: Initial
post admission for all of the following: risk of violence to self, risk of violence screening
to others, substance use, psychological trauma history, and patient Rationale: Substantial evidence exists that there is a high prevalence of co- occurring substance use disorders as well as history of trauma among persons admitted to acute psychiatric settings. Professional literature suggests that these factors are under-identified yet integral to current psychiatric status and should be assessed in order to develop appropriate treatment (Ziedonis, 2004, NASMHPD, 2005). Similarly, persons admitted to inpatient settings require a careful assessment of risk for violence and the use of seclusion and restraint. Careful assessment of risk is critical to safety and treatment. Effective, individualized treatment relies on assessments that explicitly recognize patients’ strengths. These strengths may be characteristics of the individuals themselves, supports provided by families and others, or contributions made by the individuals’ community or cultural environment (Rapp, 1998). In the same way, inpatient environments require assessment for factors that lead to conflict or less than optimal outcomes. HBIPS 2: Hours of Physical Restraint Use
HBIPS-2: Hours of
Definition: Total hours all clients spent in physical restraint as a proportion of physical restraint use
Rationale: Mental health providers that value and respect an individual’s autonomy, independence and safety seek to avoid the use of dangerous or restrictive interventions at all times (Donat, 2003). The use of seclusion and restraint are limited to situations deemed objectively to meet the threshold National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc. (NRI) Page 1 of 4
3141 Fairview Park Drive Fal s Church VA 22042 Ph: 703-738-8160 Fax: 703-738-8185 Web: www.nri-inc.org NRI’s Behavioral Healthcare Performance Measurement System
Using Data, Changing Practice ® to improve the lives of consumers
of imminent danger and when used are rigorously monitored and analyzed
to prevent future use. Providers also seek to prevent violence or aggression
from occurring in their treatment environments by focusing their attention
on prevention activities that have a growing evidence base (Donat, 2003).
HBIPS 3: Hours of Seclusion Use
HBIPS-3: Hours of
Definition: Total hours all clients spent in seclusion as a proportion of total seclusion use
Rationale: Mental health providers that value and respect an individual’s autonomy, independence and safety seek to avoid the use of dangerous or restrictive interventions at all times (Donat, 2003). The use of seclusion and restraint are limited to situations deemed objectively to meet the threshold of imminent danger and when used are rigorously monitored and analyzed to prevent future use. Providers also seek to prevent violence or aggression from occurring in their treatment environments by focusing their attention on prevention activities that have a growing evidence base (Donat, 2003). HBIPS 4: Discharge on Multiple Antipsychotic
HBIPS-4: Discharge on
Medications
multiple antipsychotic
Definition: Clients discharged on two or more antipsychotic medications as a medications
proportion of clients discharged on one or more antipsychotic medications. Rationale: Research studies have found that 4-35% of outpatients and 30-50% of inpatients treated with an antipsychotic medication concurrently received 2 or more antipsychotics (Gilmer et al., 2007; Kreyenbuhl et al., 2006; Ganguly et al., 2004, Stahl et al., 2004, Covell et al., 2002). One study reported 4.6% of patients concurrently received 3 or more antipsychotics (Jaffe and Levine, 2003). These findings are seen across diverse sectors: state mental health authorities, the Veterans Health System and Medicaid-financed care. Antipsychotic polypharmacy can lead to greater side effects, often without improving clinical outcomes (Stahl et al., 2004; Ananth et al., 2004). As a result, a range of stakeholders have called for efforts to reduce unnecessary use of multiple antipsychotics (National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors, 2001; University Health System Consortium, 2006; Gilmer, 2007; Centorrino, 2004). Practice guidelines recommend the use of a second antipsychotic only after multiple trials of a single antipsychotic have proven inadequate (APA Practice Guidelines, 2004). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide some evidence to support augmentation of clozapine with another second-generation antipsychotic National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc. (NRI) Page 2 of 4
3141 Fairview Park Drive Fal s Church VA 22042 Ph: 703-738-8160 Fax: 703-738-8185 Web: www.nri-inc.org NRI’s Behavioral Healthcare Performance Measurement System
Using Data, Changing Practice ® to improve the lives of consumers
(Tranulis et al., 2008). Among patients without a documented history of
previous treatment failures of antipsychotic monotherapy, multiple RCTs and
other controlled trials failed to show a benefit of antipsychotic polypharmacy
over monotherapy (Shim, 2007; Ananth et al., 2004; Centorrino, 2004; Stahl
et al., 2004; Portkin, 2002). Clinical circumstances, such as shorter inpatient
stays, may require hospitals to discharge a client on multiple antipsychotics
with an aftercare plan to transition to monotherapy. In such cases, effective
communication between the inpatient and aftercare clinician is an essential
element of care.
HBIPS 5: Discharge on Multiple Antipsychotic
HBIPS-5: Discharge on
Medications with Appropriate Justification
multiple antipsychotic
Definition: Clients discharged on multiple antipsychotic medications with medications with
appropriate justification as a proportion of clients discharged on two or more appropriate
justifications
Rationale: Research studies have found that 4-35% of outpatients and 30- 50% of inpatients treated with an antipsychotic medication concurrently received 2 or more antipsychotics (Gilmer et al., 2007; Kreyenbuhl et al., 2006; Ganguly et al., 2004, Stahl et al., 2004, Covell et al., 2002). One study reported 4.6% of patients concurrently received 3 or more antipsychotics (Jaffe and Levine, 2003). These findings are seen across diverse sectors: state mental health authorities, the Veterans Health System and Medicaid-financed care. Antipsychotic polypharmacy can lead to greater side effects, often without improving clinical outcomes (Stahl et al., 2004; Ananth et al., 2004). As a result, a range of stakeholders have called for efforts to reduce unnecessary use of multiple antipsychotics (National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors, 2001; University Health System Consortium, 2006; Gilmer, 2007; Centorrino, 2004). Practice guidelines recommend the use of a second antipsychotic only after multiple trials of a single antipsychotic have proven inadequate (APA Practice Guidelines, 2004). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide some evidence to support augmentation of clozapine with another second-generation antipsychotic (Tranulis et al., 2008). Among patients without a documented history of previous treatment failures of antipsychotic monotherapy, multiple RCTs and other controlled trials failed to show a benefit of antipsychotic polypharmacy over monotherapy (Shim, 2007; Ananth et al., 2004; Centorrino, 2004; Stahl et al., 2004; Portkin, 2002). Clinical circumstances, such as shorter inpatient stays, may require hospitals to discharge a client on multiple antipsychotics with an aftercare plan to transition to monotherapy. In such cases, effective National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc. (NRI) Page 3 of 4
3141 Fairview Park Drive Fal s Church VA 22042 Ph: 703-738-8160 Fax: 703-738-8185 Web: www.nri-inc.org NRI’s Behavioral Healthcare Performance Measurement System
Using Data, Changing Practice ® to improve the lives of consumers
communication between the inpatient and aftercare clinician is an essential element of care. HBIPS-6: Post
HBIPS 6: Continuing Care Plan Created
discharge continuing
Definition: Percent of clients discharged with a continuing care plan created that includes all of the fol owing: reason for hospitalization, discharge care plan created
diagnosis, discharge medications, and next level of care recommendations. Rationale: Patients may not be able to fully report to their next level of care health-care provider their course of hospitalization or discharge treatment recommendations. The aftercare instructions given to the client may not be available to the next level of care provider at the client’s initial intake or follow-up appointment. In order to provide optimum care, next level of care providers need to know details of precipitating events immediately preceding hospital admission, the client’s treatment course during hospitalization including rationale and target symptoms for medications changed, discharge medications and next level of care recommendations (AACP, 2001).
HBIPS-7: Post

HBIPS 7: Continuing Care Plan Transmitted
discharge continuing
Definition: Percent of clients discharged with a continuing care plan that is care plan transmitted
transmitted to next level of care provider by the 5th day post discharge. to next level of care
Rationale: Patients may not be able to fully report to their next level of care provider
health-care provider their course of hospitalization or discharge treatment recommendations. The aftercare instructions given to the client may not be
available to the next level of care provider at the client’s initial intake or
follow-up appointment. In order to provide optimum care, next level of care
providers need to know details of precipitating events immediately preceding
hospital admission, the client’s treatment course during hospitalization
including rationale and target symptoms for medications changed, discharge
medications and next level of care recommendations (AACP, 2001).
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The Joint Commission, Specification Manual for The Joint Commission
National Quality Core Measures. V2010A. October 2008.
Past, current, and future versions are posted by The Joint Commission at

National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc. (NRI) Page 4 of 4
3141 Fairview Park Drive Fal s Church VA 22042 Ph: 703-738-8160 Fax: 703-738-8185 Web: www.nri-inc.org

Source: http://hbips.net/pdf/Overview_of_HBIPS.pdf

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New Pd-catalyzed cross coupling reactions with Boronic Acids Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, D-45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany Tel. +49-208-306-2392; Fax +49-208-306-2985; e-mail goossen@mpi-muelheim.mpg.de Abstract New palladium(0)-catalyzed cross coupling reactions between arylboronic acids or esters and alkyl bromides, which do not contain β

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