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/"A:gju:/ (v) give reasons
/&d@"lesnt/ (n) a
6.1 intelligence quotient
true/not true, etc. w The student
council argued that an eight-hour day
person’s intelligence that is calculated
was too long and that they should only
Usually referred to as IQ
/@Uv@r"O:l/ (adj) general
standard w I don’t know anything
w Molly is a little weak in her writing
about astronomy, so I don’t really feel
than reason w This ring isn’t made
but overall she’s a very good student.
competent to give my opinion.
of silver or gold but my mother gave
it to me, so it has sentimental value.
6.9 back up
/b&k "Vp/ (phr v)
/"gr&Ùu@t/ (n) a
/skO:(r)/ (v) win points, goals,
etc. in a game or competition w In
this card game the winner is the first
self-reliant; they can now look after
person to score more than 21 points.
or country produces goods w Last year
our productivity fell to two thousand
want or need w If Beth said she’d
boxes per month, but this year it’s
arrange everything then she will – she’s
/"VpbrININ/ (n) the way
very dependable you know.
➤ product (n), production
in which a child is cared for and taught
w Nigel lived with his grandparents
when he was a child, so perhaps that’s
unable to make decisions w Rebecca
why he had such a strict upbringing.
be one of the causes of sth w He was
is so indecisive – she can’t even make
an inexperienced driver, but the heavy
6.5 superior (to)
rain also contributed to the accident.
coffee when you ask her!
sth else w This new washing powder is
definitely superior to the old one. The
/gr&b/ (v) take or hold sb/
roughly w As soon as I took the biscuit
out of the box, my son grabbed it and
6.6 out of date
/aUt @v "deIt/ (phr)
people w The island is really isolated,
even the letters only come once a week.
6.14 follow up
/fQl@U "Vp/ (phr v)
longer useful w Recording information
in books is out of date. People keep
everything in electronic files now.
The opposite of out of date
things ➤ intellect (n), intellectually
FCE Masterclass Oxford University Press 1
/rI"kru:t/ (v) take on sb
/"aUtlaIn/ (v) give a
6.42 in sight
/In "saIt/ (phr) in view,
for a job, employ w Our hotel is very
busy during the summer months, so we
/ÍeIs/ (v) run after sb/sth in
usually recruit some extra staff then.
6.34 recollection (of)
6.44 ring a bell
/rIN @ "bel/ (phr) sound
/"tju:t@(r)/ (n) private
remembering sth w After the accident
she had no recollection of what had
heard it before w The name ‘Wilson’
does ring a bell. Maybe I have met
6.25 make up one’s mind
. "maInd/ (idm) decide sth w I can’t
/b@"bu:n/ (n) a large
/I"fektIv/ (adj) producing
Oliver’s party, can you help me?
the result that is wanted or intended w Aspirin is a simple but very effective
everywhere w The author talks about
his childhood throughout the book.
Each chapter deals with a different
/rI"li:v/ (v) remove or
6.26 jog your memory
/ÙQg jO: "mem@
w This cream is excellent for burns as it
/s@"vaIvl/ (n) the state of
relieves the pain instantly.
➤ relief (n)
/swet/ (v) when you sweat
/g&r@n"ti:/ (v) make
drops of liquid appear on your skin, for
sth certain to happen w A university
/twIg/ (n) a small very thin
degree doesn’t always guarantee a
successful career, but it certainly helps!
/bI"saIdz/ (adv) apart
from sth said previously w I don’t fancy
/"hA:ml@s/ (adj) unable
6.28 capacity (for)
going to the cinema tonight; besides,
there’s nothing good on anyway.
w Most children’s cartoons are quite
My dad’s capacity for work is amazing.
is used as a
harmless, although some can be a bit
preposition, it means in addition to
➤ harm (n, v), harmful
not confuse besides
/Ùi:n/ (n) a unit inside a cell
is a preposition and means next to
/"ImIteIt/ (v) copy sb/sth
w A lot of young singers try to imitate
Beyonce’s style but none of them are as
/"dju:tiz/ (n pl) tasks that
death or illness if the animal or insect
/prI"tend/ (v) to behave
/dI"lIb@r@t/ (adj) done
/Íi:t/ (n) a person who
true w I had to pretend that I liked his
painting but in actual fact I thought
w I don’t like playing cards with him
/eIp/ (n) a large animal like a
it was terrible!
➤ pretence (n),
because he’s such a cheat. He always
6.54 a matter of chance
/prI"skraIb/ (v) (of a
/dIg/ (v) make a hole in the
treatment w The doctor prescribed
6.55 into the distance
/Int@ D@ "dIst@
antibiotics and cough syrup for Julia’s
ns/ (phr) far away w She stood thinking
deeply and staring into the distance.
2 FCE Masterclass Oxford University Press
/ÍImp/ (n) short for
/"saUndli/ (adv) (for
6.79 to some extent
/t@ "sVm Ikstent/
: a small intelligent
sleep) very well and very deeply w The
children were sleeping soundly when
completely w To some extent you’re
we arrived, so they didn’t hear us.
right, but I don’t agree with you entirely.
/krept/ (v) pt of creep
/reIs/ (v) function very
/I"lektr@Ud/ (n) a small
piece of metal used to carry an electric
w The boy crept up behind his sister
without her seeing him and gave her a
piece of fabric filled with soft material,
6.81 drop off
/drQp "Qf/ (phr v)
6.58 on tiptoe
/Qn "tIpt@U/ (phr)
6.70 armed robbery
/A:md "rQb@ri/ (n)
/"S&l@U/ (adj) not deep
/twIÍ/ (v) make sudden
/sI"vI@(r)/ (adj) extremely
quietly w She had to stand on tiptoe to
that you cannot control w When my
cat twitches in her sleep I like to think
she’s dreaming about chasing rabbits!
6.59 take (sth) into account
/"tru:@nsi/ (n) staying
Intu @"kaUnt/ (phr) consider particular
facts w If you take into account the fact
w Levels of truancy at some schools
/"r&pId/ (adj) quick, fast
that she was ill for six weeks I think she
of the most basic kind w To follow
expression to play truant
this course you need at least some
6.73 the rush hour
/D@ "rVS aU@(r)/
elementary knowledge of computers.
/"meZ@(r)/ (n) a sign
The unemployment rate is a measure
/pi:k/ (n) the highest level
of how well or badly the country’s
of sth w The tourist season in Greece
economy is doing.
➤ measure (v),
/"p&S@n@tli/ (adv) in
/"trembl/ (v) shake
/tu:l/ (n) an instrument that
making things, repairing things, etc.
w The boys were trembling with fear as
they waited outside the headmistress’s
and with interest w All the students
office to receive their punishment.
training w When I saw the car coming
listened attentively while their teacher
towards us, I just jumped in front of
Mary. It was an instinctive reaction.
/"leIbl/ (v) describe sb/sth in
w Just because I’m not interested in art
he labelled me as uneducated, which I
think is very unfair.
➤ label (n)
/"naItme@(r)/ (n) a
beautiful to look at but have very high
/si"est@/ (n) a rest or
➤ maintain (v)
/"ÙVmbl/ (v) mix things
6.77 put right
/pUt "raIt/ (phr) mend,
/In"sQmni@/ (n) the
6.78 use up
events in such a way that the plot is
impossible to follow!
➤ jumbled (adj)
FCE Masterclass Oxford University Press 3
find out more about sth after some time has
passed w The researchers followed up the participants in the
experiment ten years later to see if they had changed at all.
support sb/sth, say that what sb says, etc. is true
w The new information backs up what researchers already
start making a sudden loud noise w I had forgotten that
the alarm was set, so it went off as soon as I opened the door.
fall into a light sleep w I love watching late night
use all of sth so that there is none left w I used up
films, but I’m usually so tired that I drop off as soon as they
all the eggs yesterday when I made the cake so you’ll have to
/SrVNk/ (v) pp of shrink
/"entri/ (n) sth that you
part in a competition w If you want
continuing for a period of time w The
to take part in the school painting
country’s consistent economic growth
shut, with a lot of force, making a loud
competition you must bring your entry
is helping international trade.
to the art room by Friday afternoon.
the windows and doors to slam shut.
/"dO:m&t/ (n) a small
/gru:m/ (n) a man on
/te@(r)/ (v) to damage sth by
pulling it apart or into pieces w Annie,
/Ik"spl@UZn/ (n) the
be careful with that book – don’t tear
/S@Un/ (v) pt of show
/s@"spISn/ (n) a
6.95 my heart sank
/maI hA:t "s&Nk/
where it was posted w This letter has a
German postmark on it. I wonder who
/d&S/ (v) go somewhere very
proof w I have a suspicion that Alex
quickly w I won’t be a minute, I’ve just
6.104 set the scene
is lying about last night, but I can’t
got to dash out to the baker’s for some
prove it, so I won’t say anything.
➤ suspicious (adj), suspiciously (adv),
/str@Ul/ (v) walk somewhere
in a slow relaxed way w Since there’s
nothing good on television, why don’t
we stroll along the beach?
➤ stroll (n)
/"wIsp@(r)/ (v) speak very
The teacher asked the students not to
whisper to each other during the exam.
/Ik"sesIv/ (adj) more
/jel/ (v) shout loudly w ‘Get
up! It’s time for school!’ Mum yelled
/@"kaUnt/ (n) written
happened w Graham gave an account
/VnI"ventfl/ (adj) in
of everything that had happened to
4 FCE Masterclass Oxford University Press
/"stVmbl/ (v) Here: walk
6.127 root cause
/"ru:t kO:z/ (n) the
/wel/ (adv) to a great extent
or degree w The town is very beautiful
and the museum is well worth a visit.
w It was so dark that I stumbled over
/"hA:vIst/ (v) to cut and
a pair of shoes which had been left in
complicated w I’m afraid there’ s no
straightforward solution to our problem
/krQp/ (n) the amount of
– things are much more complicated
season w The orange crop is harvested
/dIs"O:d@(r)/ (n) illness
/fI@s/ (adj) angry and
functioning correctly w She suffers
/In"sIst/ (v) demand that
w The fierce opposition to the new
from an eating disorder which makes
measures made the government change
her think that she is overweight when
sth w He insisted that he paid for the
broken vase as it had been his fault.
/"vaI@leIt/ (v) go against
etc. w Countries which violate human
/&m"ni:zi@/ (n) a
/b@Uld/ (adj) brave and
confident w I must say, it was a bold
/"fIg@(r)/ (n) number
pronounce sth in a clear way w When
decision to move to another country
/p@"sp@Un/ (v) arrange
someone is drunk they often can’t
and leave all their friends and family
for an event, etc. to take place at a later
articulate properly and it’s difficult to
➤ boldness (n), boldly (adv)
time or date w As everyone is ill with the
understand what they’re saying.
flu, let’s postpone the party until next
/traUt/ (n) a common
➤ articulation (n), (in)articulate (adj)
/"trebl/ (v) become three
/In"Ùekt/ (v) put a drug or
6.123 remark (on)
/"fO:kA:st/ (n) statement
weather is getting better,’ he remarked.
/"ven@m/ (n) the
/"sk&t@d/ (adj) spread
w Your introduction is rather lengthy,
just a couple of lines would be enough.
/"SaU@(r)/ (n) short period
6.136 go off
/g@U "Qf/ (phr v)
/"bl@UtId/ (adj) full of
excited, etc. w I had forgotten my
jacket, so I spent the whole evening
/"k&tl/ (n) cows and
6.137 global warming
/lO:n/ (n) an area of ground
FCE Masterclass Oxford University Press 5
/SaI/ (adj) nervous, easily
/rQk/ (v) move gently
/gle@(r)/ (v) look at sb/sth in
embarrassed or frightened w Don’t be
an angry way w When the children say
shy Annie – come and say hello to Uncle
something rude their parents glare at
➤ shyness (n), shyly (adv)
them until they apologise.
➤ glare (n)
/"gr&vl/ (n) small
/S@Ul/ (n) a large number
/pi:p/ (v) look quickly and
a small opening w The girl peeped
6.159 school of thought
through the keyhole to see who was
often forgetting things w My mother
quite forgetful so when something
universities have their own school
/pI@(r)/ (v) look closely or
is important I make sure I remind
of thought about which educational
➤ forget (v), forgetfully (adv),
cannot see it clearly w We peered
through the fog to see who was coming
/"aUt@(r)/ (adj) on the
/t&Nk/ (n) a large
outside of sth w We have only painted
the outer walls of the house – the
/"klVmzili/ (adv) doing
/kA:p/ (n) a large
/"m&ml/ (n) any
/"mI@li/ (adv) only, simply
/p@"fO:m/ (v) do sth,
w He said nothing, merely smiled and
w A computer can perform many tasks at once.
➤ performance (n),
6.168 wave sb through
/weIv . "Tru:/
/glA:ns/ (v) take a quick
/vaI"breISn/ (n) a
look at sth w I usually glance at the
breakfast and then read the articles at the office.
➤ glance (n)
6 FCE Masterclass Oxford University Press
Do the Prescriptions You Take Deplete Your Nutritional Status? SOURCE: DRUG-INDUCED NUTRIENT DEPLETION HANDBOOK, 2ND EDITION NUTRIENT DEFICIENCY POTENTIAL HEALTH PROBLEMS ANTACIDS/ULCER MEDICATIONS Anemia, depression, tiredness, weakness, increased cardiovascular risk Birth defects, cervical dysplasia, anemia, heart disease, cancer risk Osteoporosis, muscle weakness, hearing lo
THE HEART AND STROKE FOUNDATION SOUTH AFRICA HEART DISEASE IN SOUTH AFRICA MEDIA DATA DOCUMENT Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town & Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, at the Medical Research Council Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council MORTALITY CAUSED BY HEART DISEASE .2 MORBIDITY CAUSED BY HEART DISEASE .3 LIFE-COURSE PERSPECTIVE